Print Get Citation Citation Disclaimer: These citations have been automatically generated based on the information we have and it may not be 100% accurate. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. AMA Citation Zeitouni C, Shah H. Zeitouni C, & Shah H Zeitouni, Camille, and Harsh Shah. Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine not effective against infection variant. 2 Minute Medicine, 30 April 2021. McGraw-Hill, 2021. AccessMedicine. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/updatesContent.aspx?gbosid=556600§ionid=255587089APA Citation Zeitouni C, Shah H. Zeitouni C, & Shah H Zeitouni, Camille, and Harsh Shah. (2021). Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine not effective against infection variant. (2021). 2 minute medicine. McGraw-Hill. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/updatesContent.aspx?gbosid=556600§ionid=255587089.MLA Citation Zeitouni C, Shah H. Zeitouni C, & Shah H Zeitouni, Camille, and Harsh Shah. "Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine not effective against infection variant." 2 Minute Medicine McGraw-Hill, 2021, https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/updatesContent.aspx?gbosid=556600§ionid=255587089. Download citation file: RIS (Zotero) EndNote BibTex Medlars ProCite RefWorks Reference Manager Mendeley © Copyright Clip Full Chapter Figures Only Tables Only Videos Only Supplementary Content Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine not effective against infection variant by Camille Zeitouni, Harsh Shah Listen +Originally published by 2 Minute Medicine® (view original article). Reused on AccessMedicine with permission. +1. The vaccine did not prove effective for the prevention of mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection caused by the B.1.351 variant. +2. The vaccine was found to be effective against mild-to-moderate non-variant COVID-19 infection after a single injection. +Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: + +With the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants, there is the need to investigate vaccine efficacy in this new context. In a randomized controlled trial from South Africa, researchers compared symptomatic COVID-19 infection rates after administration of the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine. The study determined two doses of the vaccine were not effective at preventing mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infection caused by the B.1.351 variant. While no evidence was available for the vaccine’s efficacy against severe B.1.351 infection, this study suggests that second-generation COVID-19 vaccines may be needed to protect against this new variant. This study provides strong justification for using the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine in populations without the new B.1.351 variant. A major limitation of this study is its inability to establish the efficacy of the vaccine against severe covid-19 infection caused by the B.1.351 variant. Nonetheless, the findings were significant, as the study found that the vaccine is effective against non-variant covid-19 infection. +Click to read the study in the NEJM +Relevant Reading: Safety and efficacy of the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine (AZD1222) against SARS-CoV-2: an interim analysis of four randomized controlled trials in Brazil, South Africa, and the UK. In-Depth [randomized controlled trial]: + +This multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial enrolled 2,026 patients between June 24 and November 9, 2020. Adults between the ages of 18 and 65 with no or well-managed prior comorbidities were eligible for participation in the trial. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), previous COVID-19 infection, a history of anaphylaxis after vaccination, and obesity were excluded from the study. Patients were randomized in 1:1 ratio to receive either the ChAdOx1 nCovid-19 vaccine or placebo, respectively. The primary endpoint was symptomatic COVID-19 infection after two weeks following the second injection confirmed by PCR testing. The study also aimed to investigate the efficacy of the vaccine against the new B.1.351 variant. There were 42 cases of mild and moderate COVID-19 infection confirmed, of which 39 cases were caused by the B.1.351 variant. Vaccine recipients accounted for 19 (2.5%) of these infections, while placebo recipients made up the remaining 23 (3.2%) cases. The study revealed a 75.4% vaccine efficacy (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.7 to 95.5) for the prevention of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infection caused by non-B.1.351 variant two weeks after just a single injection. However, vaccine efficacy against the B.1.351 variant was determined to be 10.4% (95% CI, -76.8 to 54.8). The study concluded that the ChAdOx1 nCovid-19 vaccine does not protect against mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infection caused by the B.1.351 variant. No conclusion was possible on vaccine prevention of severe COVID-19 infection caused by the B.1.351 variant. +©2021 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved. No works may be reproduced without expressed written consent from 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. Inquire about licensing here. No article should be construed as medical advice and is not intended as such by the authors or by 2 Minute Medicine, Inc.