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Anderson  LW, Mackenhauer  J, Roberts  JC, Berg  KM, Cocchi  MN, Donnino  MW. Etiology and therapeutic approach to elevated lactate levels. 2013. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013;88(10):1127–40.  [PubMed: 24079682]
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Bates  DW, Cook  EF, Goldman  L, Lee  TH. Predicting bacteremia in hospitalized patients. A prospectively validated model. Ann Intern Med. 1990;113(7):495–500.  [PubMed: 2393205]
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Bryne  AL, Bennett  M, Chatterji  R, Symons  R, Pace  NL, Thomas  PS. Peripheral venous and arterial blood gas analysis in adults: are they comparable? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Respirology. 2014;19:168–75.  [PubMed: 24383789]
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Drage  LA. Life-threatening rashes: dermatologic signs of four infectious diseases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1999;74(1):68–72.  [PubMed: 9987537]
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Howell  MD, Donnino  MW, Talmor  D, Clardy  P, Ngo  L, Shapiro  NI. Performance of severity of illness scoring systems in emergency department patients with infection. Acad Emerg Med. 2007;14(8):709–14.  [PubMed: 17576773]
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Mellors  JW, Horwitz  RI, Harvey  MR, Horwitz  SM. A simple index to identify occult bacterial infection in adults with acute unexplained fever. Arch Intern Med. 1987;147(4):666–71.  [PubMed: 3827454]
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Naunheim  R, Jang  TJ, Banet  G, Richmond  A, McGill  J. Point-of-care test identifies diabetic ketoacidosis at triage. Acad Emerg Med. 2006;13(6):683–5.  [PubMed: 16690813]
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Rose  BD PT. Clinical Physiology of Acid Base and Electrolyte Disorders, 5th edition. McGraw Hill; 2001.
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