A 50-year-old woman presented to the office with bilateral erythematous lesions on the inner aspects of both of her lower extremities (Figures 200-1 and 200-2). The lesions started developing for the past 6 months. They became progressively more noticeable but stayed localized in the inner aspects of the lower extremities. She mentioned that she was using a hot-water bottle in the area involved to keep her warm at night when she was sleeping in bed. Although our working clinical diagnosis was erythema ab igne, clinical entities such as livedo reticularis, poikiloderma atrophicans vasculare, and acanthosis nigricans were also considered in the differential diagnosis. A skin biopsy was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of erythema ab igne. The patient was advised to abandon the hot-water bottle application to the skin. Over the course of 4 months her skin lesions started to clear with no further intervention.
Mottled or mesh-like pigmentary changes on the legs of a 50-year-old woman who slept with a hot-water bottle between her legs. (From El-Ghandour A, Selim A, Khachemoune A. Bilateral lesions on the legs. J Fam Pract. 2007;56(1):37-39. Reproduced with permission from Frontline Medical Communications.)
Close-up of legs in Figure 200-1. (From El-Ghandour A, Selim A, Khachemoune A. Bilateral lesions on the legs. J Fam Pract. 2007;56(1):37-39. Reproduced with permission from Frontline Medical Communications.)
Erythema ab igne is a rare condition caused by chronic exposure to heat (below the threshold for a thermal burn) from external heat sources. More specifically, prolonged use of hot-water bottles, heating pads, electric blankets, car seat warmers as well as exposure to open fires and laptops placed on the users' thighs or propped legs have all been reported to cause erythema ab igne. Affected skin is characterized by reticular pink colored and hyperpigmented mottled patches. Patients may complain of associated pruritus, paresthesias, or may be asymptomatic. Treatment is limited and patients are instructed to avoid triggers.
Chronic moderate heat dermatitis, chronic radiant heat dermatitis, toasted skin syndrome, fire stains, hot-water bottle rash, laptop thigh.
- Rare disease.
- Women, in particular those who are overweight, are affected more often than men.
- The skin findings form as a result of multiple exposures to an intense source of heat.
- Erythema ab igne has been noted for many years, and the sources of heat have changed over time. It used to be reported in women who stay for long periods of time in front of open fires, fireplaces, or furnaces to cook.1-4 Most of the lesions were appearing on the medial side of the thigh and the lower leg in general.
- Currently, erythema ab igne is seen on different parts of the body, depending on what source of heat initiated the ...