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In writing this book, we have been able to call on the truly remarkable work accomplished by several organizations, much of which is in the public domain. The CDC has extensive information relating to bioterrorism. Similarly, governmental websites such as those of USAMRIID, Homeland Security, the FBI, and the DHHS all have dedicated web pages on this issue. Countless nongovernmental websites were also useful resources, in particular the Center for Biosecurity, the American College of Physicians (ACP), the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM), and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). What follows is a partial list of source material for this book that would serve anyone interested in exploring their subject more deeply.

Top Officials (TOPOFF) 2000 Exercise Observation Report Volume 2: State of Colorado and Denver Metropolitan Area. Washington, DC: Office for State and Local Domestic Preparedness Support, Office of Justice Programs, Dept of Justice, and Readiness Division, Preparedness Training, and Exercises Directorate, Federal Emergency Management Agency; December 2000.
T. V. Inglesby. “Lessons from TOPOFF.” Presented at: Second National Symposium on Medical and Public Health Response to Bioterrorism; November 28, 2000; Washington, DC.
H. Garrison. How the World Changed: A History of the Development of Terrorism, Presented at the Delaware Criminal Justice Council Annual Retreat October 28–29, 2001.
B. Lewis. The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror, Random House, 2003.
Dark Winter Exercise

E. Croddy. Chemical and Biological Warfare: A Comprehensive Survey for the Concerned Citizen. New York, NY: Copernicus Books, 2002.
J. Tucker, ed. Toxic Terror: Assessing the Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.
CT Train Site: TRAIN programs are national state-based collaborations between State Health Departments, the CDC, and regional academic centers. Both face to face and online courses are available: See
Incident Command Systems: see
USAMRIID Medical Management of Chemical and Biological Hazards course:
“Preparing for and Responding to Bioterrorism: Information for Primary Care Clinicians” by Jennifer Brennan Brady and Jeffrey S. Duchin. Northwest Center for Public Health Practice at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Updates available at:
“Worker Preparedness and Response to Bioterrorism (2003 CD)” by Edward W. Cetaruk, M.D. Available from the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC) Washington, DC. Available at

R. Grunow, E. J. Finke. A procedure for differentiating between the intentional release of biological warfare agents and natural outbreaks of disease: Its use in analyzing the tularemia outbreak in Kosovo in 1999 and 2000. Clin Microbiol Infect, 2002;(8):510–521.
D. L. Noah, et al. Biological warfare training: Infectious disease outbreak differentiation criteria. Annals NY Acad Sci, 1999;894:37–43.

Terrorism: Are America’s Water Resources and Environment at Risk?
C.Copeland, B.Cody. Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the ...

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