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Apgar scores (Table A–1) are a numerical expression of a newborn infant’s physical condition. Usually determined 1 min after birth and again at 5 min, the score is the sum of points gained on assessment of color, heart rate, reflex irritability, muscle tone, and respirations.

Table A–1 Apgar Scores

Figure A–1 is a nomogram for determining the body surface area of an adult. Figure A–2 is a nomogram for determining the body surface area of children.

Figure A–1. 

Body surface area: Adult. Use a straight edge to connect the height and mass. The point of intersection on the body surface line gives the body surface area (in m2). (Reprinted, with permission, from: Lentner C [ed]: Geigy Scientific Tables, 8th ed. Ciba-Geigy, San Francisco, CA, 1981, Vol. 1, p. 226.)

Figure A–2.

Body surface area: Child. Use a straight edge to connect the height and mass. The point of intersection on the body surface line gives the body surface area (in m2). (Reprinted, with permission, from: Lentner C [ed]: Geigy Scientific Tables, 8th ed. Ciba-Geigy, San Francisco, CA, 1981, Vol. 1, p. 226.)

Table A–2 gives BMI useful in the determination of obesity and other health-related risks. It also provides useful information for counseling patients on target body weights. Underweight ≤ 18.5; normal weight = 18.5–24.9; overweight = 25–29.9; obesity = ≥ 30. (From the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NIH), Bethesda MD, 2003 http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi)

Table A–2 Body Mass Index

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