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Cannabidiol (CBD) is a constituent of Cannabis that does not produce THC-like intoxication. CBD extracts are available over the counter and via the internet for a variety of proposed effects (anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anxiolysis) and by prescription for some pediatric seizure disorders. Overdoses are typically not dangerous.

Alves VL et al. Crit Rev Toxicol. [PMID: 32530350]


Hemodialysis has been used in patients with caffeine overdose.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used successfully in hemodynamic collapse after caffeine overdose.

Ou HC et al. Am J Emerg Med. [PMID: 34922795]

Yasuda S et al. Acute Med Surg. [PMID: 33532077]

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