Skip to Main Content

We have a new app!

Take the Access library with you wherever you go—easy access to books, videos, images, podcasts, personalized features, and more.

Download the Access App here: iOS and Android. Learn more here!


The face is the area of the body most exposed to sunlight and therefore at highest risk for ultraviolet (UV) light induced dermatoses (photodermatoses), photoaging, and skin cancers. The face also has the highest density of sebaceous glands, predisposing this area to conditions such as acne, rosacea, and seborrheic dermatitis. Inflammation around the hair follicles may lead to skin diseases such as folliculitis and pseudofolliculitis barbae. In addition, skin diseases involving mucous membranes will typically affect the eyes, nose, and mouth. Since the face is so critical to non-verbal communication and social interactions, skin diseases involving this area can cause a significant degree of emotional distress.


Skin diseases involving the face can be broadly placed into the following categories starting with the most common diseases (Table 36-1):

  • Pilosebaceous disorders

  • Inflammatory dermatoses

  • Infectious diseases

  • Pigment disorders

  • Ultraviolet induced photodermatoses

  • Connective tissue diseases

Table 36-1.Differential diagnosis for diseases of the face.

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.