Skip to Main Content

We have a new app!

Take the Access library with you wherever you go—easy access to books, videos, images, podcasts, personalized features, and more.

Download the Access App here: iOS and Android. Learn more here!

For further information, see CMDT Part 33-31: Anaerobic Infections

Key Features

  • Anaerobic bacteremia usually originates from the

    • Gastrointestinal tract

    • Oropharynx

    • Pressure injuries

    • Female genital tract

  • Endocarditis resulting from anaerobic and microaerophilic streptococci and bacteroides (rare) originates from the same sites

Clinical Findings

  • Related to site of original and metastatic infection

Diagnosis

  • Culture of blood and affected tissues

Treatment

  • Most cases of anaerobic or microaerophilic streptococcal endocarditis can be effectively treated with 12–20 million units of penicillin G intravenously daily for 4–6 weeks

  • However, optimal therapy for other types of anaerobic bacterial endocarditis must rely on laboratory guidance

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.