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TABLE 3.6Supplemental oxygen delivery devices
TABLE 3.7Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV)

Intubation and mechanical ventilation

  • Purpose:

    • - Relieve respiratory distress

    • - Improve gas exchange for CO2 (hypercarbia) and O2 (hypoxemia)

    • - Decrease work of breathing

    • - Protect airway in cases of low GCS (<8), apnea, inability to clear secretions

  • Indications: Typically try noninvasive forms of ventilation before progressing to invasive mechanical ventilation, except in the setting of altered mental status, cardiac arrest, or severe respiratory compromise with impending arrest. Following are other clinical ...

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