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AAMI

Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation

ACE inhibitor

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

Alk Phos

Alkaline phosphatase

ALT

Alanine aminotransferase

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

App

Application

ARB

Angiotensin-receptor blocker

ASN

American Society of Nephrology

AV

Arteriovenous

AVF

Arteriovenous fistula

AVG

Arteriovenous graft

BDI

Beck Depression Inventory

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

BW

Body weight

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CaSRs

Calcium-sensing receptors

CfC

Conditions for Coverage

CFU

Colony-forming units

CHD

Conventional three times per week hemodialysis; thrice-weekly in-center hemodialysis; conventional hemodialysis

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

CLIMB study

Crit-Line Intradialytic Monitoring Benefit study

CMMI

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation

CMS

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CON

Certificate of Need

CPT

Current procedural terminology

CT

Computed tomography

CVC

Central venous catheter

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

DCC

Dialysate calcium concentration

DFC

Dialysis Facility Compare

DOPPS

Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study

DRIP study

Dry Weight Reduction in Hypertensive Hemodialysis Patients study

EDW

Estimated dry weight

EEG

Electroencephalogram

EMS

Emergency medical services

EOD

Every other day

ESA

Erythropoietin-stimulating agent

ESKD

End-stage kidney disease

ESRD PPS

ESRD Prospective Payment System

ESRD QIP

ESRD Quality Incentive Program

EU

Endotoxin units

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FGF-23

Fibroblast growth factor-23

FHN trial

Frequent Hemodialysis Network trial

FMLA

Family Medical Leave Act

FREEDOM

Following Rehabilitation, Economics, and Everyday-Dialysis Outcome Measurements

GFR

Glomerular filtration rate

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

HD

Hemodialysis

HF

Heart failure

HHD

Home hemodialysis

HHS

Health and Human Services

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

HOMER-D

HOME Rehabilitation Treatment-Dialysis

HPT

Hyperparathyroidism

Hr-QOL

Health-related quality of life

HTN

Hypertension

ICD-10-CM

International Classification of Disease, 10th Edition, Clinical Modification

IDE

Investigational device exemption

IDH

Intradialytic hypotension

IDT

Interdisciplinary team

ISO

International Standards Organization

KDIGO

Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes

KDOQI

Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative

KDQOL-36

Kidney disease quality of life 36-item short form survey

KEEP

Kidney Early Evaluation Program

LVEF

Left ventricular ejection fraction

LVH

Left ventricular hypertrophy

LVM

Left ventricular mass

MAC

Medicare Administrative Contractor

MAP

Mean arterial pressure

MBD

Mineral bone disorder/disease

MCP

Monthly capitated payment

MIPPA

Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHD

Nocturnal hemodialysis

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

PAK

Purification pack

PCP

Primary care providers

PD

Peritoneal dialysis

PET

Positron emission tomography

PPPY

Per person per year

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

QA

Quality assurance

QAI

Quality assurance and improvement

QAPI

Quality assurance and process improvement

QOL

Quality of life

RO

Reverse osmosis

RPM

Remote patient monitoring

RRF

Residual renal function

RRT

Renal replacement therapy

RVUs

Relative value units

SCD

Sudden cardiac death

SDHD

Short daily hemodialysis

SF-36

Short form questionnaire-36 item

sp Kt/V

Single-pool Kt/V; non-equilibrated Kt/V

std Kt/V

Standard Kt/V; weekly standard Kt/V

TCU

Transitional care unit

TDC

Tunneled dialysis catheter

TVC

Total viable count

UF

Ultrafiltration

URR

Urea reduction ratio

USRDS

United States Renal Data System

VDRs

Vitamin D receptors

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