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In this 16th edition, the senior author, Warren Levinson, would like to express great appreciation for the ongoing valuable, informative writings of the four coauthors: Elizabeth A. Joyce, Jesse Nussbaum, Brian S. Schwartz, and Peter Chin-Hong.

Elizabeth A. Joyce, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Microbiology and Immunology in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. Elizabeth teaches in and directs courses in the microbiology curriculum in the Schools of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy.

Jesse Nussbaum, MD, is an Assistant Adjunct Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Jesse is an infectious disease specialist who cares for patients at UCSF HIV/AIDS clinics. In his research, he studies how the innate immune system interacts with T lymphocytes.

Brian S. Schwartz, MD, is an Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, specializing in infectious diseases. His clinical and research interests include the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infections in immunocompromised patients. He and Dr. Peter Chin-Hong share the leadership of the Microbiology course for medical students.

Peter Chin-Hong, MD, is a Professor of Clinical Medicine in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, specializing in infectious diseases. He directs the immunocompromised host infectious diseases program at UCSF. His research focuses on human papillomavirus, Chagas disease, and other donor-derived infections in transplant recipients. He and Dr. Brian S. Schwartz share the leadership of the Microbiology course for medical students.

The senior author thanks his cousin, Ralph Levinson, MD, for his expert review of Chapter 80 on Eye Infections. Ralph Levinson is a Health Sciences Professor of Ophthalmology in the Jules Stein Eye Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles.

The senior author is indebted to the editor of the first five editions, Yvonne Strong; to the editor of the sixth edition, Cara Lyn Coffey; to the editor of the seventh and ninth editions, Jennifer Bernstein; to the editor of the eighth edition, Linda Conheady; to the editor of the tenth and eleventh editions, Sunita Dogra; to the editor of the twelfth edition, Rebecca Kerins; to the editor of the thirteenth and fifteenth editions, Caroline Define; to the editor of the fourteenth edition, Nupur Mehra; and to the editor of the sixteenth edition, Dr Anchal Kaushik; all of whom ensured that the highest standards of grammar, spelling, and style were met.

The invaluable assistance of the senior author’s wife, Barbara, in making this book a reality is also gratefully acknowledged.

The senior author dedicates this book to his father and mother, who instilled a love of scholarship, the joy of teaching, and the value of being organized.

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