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Chapter 40. Urology

During development, the kidneys pass through three embryonic phases, including all of the following except

A. Prenephros

B. Pronephros

C. Mesonephros

D. Metanephros

The correct answer is A. Prenephros

The most common site for an undescended testis to reside is

A. Just outside the external ring

B. Inside the abdomen

C. In the inguinal canal

D. In the wall of a sliding hernia sac

E. None of the above

The correct answer is A. Just outside the external ring

Patients evaluated for hematuria are considered low risk for malignancy based on all of the following except

A. Less than 40 years of age

B. No history of pelvic irradiation or cyclophosphamide exposure

C. Nonsmokers

D. Have a history of urinary tract infections

E. Microscopic hematuria

The correct answer is D. Have a history of urinary tract infections

Renal stones composed of calcium salts can be promoted by

A. Hyperoxaluria

B. Hypercitraturia

C. Hypocalciuria

D. Hypouricosuria

E. All of the above

The correct answer is A. Hyperoxaluria

Palliative therapy for prostate cancer can include

A. Luteinizing hormone–releasing hormone antagonists

B. Estrogen blockade

C. Transurethral prostatectomy

D. Somatostatin agonists

E. Depot testosterone therapy

The correct answer is C. Transurethral prostatectomy

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