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Chapter 24. Peritoneal Cavity

Which of the following symptoms should prompt suspicion of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in a patient with ascites?

A. Headache

B. Fever over 37.8°C (100.0°F)

C. Weakness

D. Obstipation

The correct answer is B. Fever over 37.8°C (100.0°F)

What route of antibiotics should be given for catheter-associated peritonitis?

A. Intraperitoneal

B. Intraperitoneal and intravenous

C. Intravenous

D. Intramuscular

The correct answer is A. Intraperitoneal

In a patient with nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia, what is the best management strategy?

A. Operative revascularization

B. Systemic heparinization

C. Reversal of low-flow state

D. Endovascular revascularization

The correct answer is C. Reversal of low-flow state

According to the STOP-IT trial, for intra-abdominal infection causing peritonitis, how long should antibiotics be continued after adequate source control?

A. 2 days

B. 4 days

C. 8 days

D. 14 days

The correct answer is B. 4 days

What is the best radiologic imaging study for diagnosis of an intra-abdominal abscess?

A. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen without contrast

B. CT scan of the abdomen with intravenous contrast

C. Abdominal ultrasound

D. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen

The correct answer is B. CT scan of the abdomen with intravenous contrast

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