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KEY IMAGES

Start just below the inguinal ligament. Locate the common femoral vein (CFV) and femoral artery (FA). The great saphenous vein (GSV) enters from the medial side.

Hand position and anatomy

Ultrasound

Vedio Graphic Jump Location
Video 10-01: Anatomy scan of normal femoral vessels

This video shows the complete vascular of the femoral veins. The great saphenous can be seen coming off to the right initially, just after the bifurcation of the femoral artery. The lateral perforator vein can be seen going left through the space between the two arteries. The end of the video shows the femoral vein splitting into the deep and superficial femoral veins. Just after the lateral perforator a lymph node is visible superficial to the vascular bundles.

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Ultrasound with compression

Vedio Graphic Jump Location
Video 10-02: Compression of normal femoral vessels

This zoomed in video shows compression of the femoral vein at the level of the great saphenous takeoff, at the level of the lateral penetrator, and then just before the bifurcation of the femoral vein. The arteries are compressed just to the point of mild deformation, and the walls of the vein can clearly be seen to touch completely.

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Split of the common femoral vein into the deep femoral vein (DFV) and superficial femoral vein (SFV), and common femoral artery (CFA) into deep femoral artery (DFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA).

Hand Position and Anatomy

Ultrasound

Ultrasound with Compression

Popliteal vein (PV) superficial to the popliteal artery (PA), with visible femoral condyle (FC)

Hand Position and Anatomy

Ultrasound

Vedio Graphic Jump Location
Video 10-03: Anatomy scan of normal popliteal vessels

The tibial plateau provides anatomic anchoring at the bottom of the screen in this normal compression study of the popliteal fossa. The popliteal vein is just superficial to the artery, and can be seen to bifurcate and then trifurcate as the operator fans inferiorly. Every time compression is applied the vein can be seen to completely collapse. The nerve bundle can be seen just superficial to the vein and is incompressible throughout the study.

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Ultrasound with ...

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