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Diseases and Injuries of the Term Newborn

Which of the following is the most common reason for respiratory distress in term infants?

a. Severe asphyxia

b. Infection/sepsis

c. Meconium aspiration

d. Elective cesarean delivery

What is the incidence of meconium-stained amnionic fluid in term laboring women?

a. 1–2%

b. 10–20%

c. 30–50%

d. 60–70%

Which of the following is effective at reducing meconium aspiration syndrome?

a. Amnioinfusion

b. Oropharyngeal suctioning

c. Cesarean delivery to avoid fetal heart tracing abnormalities

d. None of the above

Which of the following has been used for the treatment of meconium aspiration syndrome?

a. Intubation

b. Inhaled corticosteroids

c. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

d. All of the above

In order to be diagnosed with neonatal encephalopathy, a neonate must be born at a minimum of what gestational age?

a. 24 weeks’ gestation

b. 28 weeks’ gestation

c. 32 weeks’ gestation

d. 35 weeks’ gestation

Which of the following forms of cerebral palsy can result from acute peripartum ischemia?

a. Ataxia

b. Hemiplegia

c. Spastic diplegia

d. Spastic quadriplegia

Which of the following is not consistent with an acute peripartum or intrapartum event leading to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy?

a. Umbilical artery pH <7

b. Multisystem organ injury


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