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Section IV – Metabolism of Carbohydrates

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Which of the following is not a reducing sugar?

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A. Erythrose

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B. Fructose

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C. Galactose

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D. Glucose

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E. Ribose

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Which of the following is the composition of sucrose?

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A. O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranose

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B. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside

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C. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-α-D-glucopyranose

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D. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside

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E. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucopyranose

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Which of the following is not a pentose?

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A. Fructose

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B. Ribose

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C. Ribulose

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D. Xylose

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E. Xylulose

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A blood sample is taken from a 50-year-old woman after an overnight fast. Which one of the following will be at a higher concentration than after she had eaten a meal?

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A. Glucose

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B. Insulin

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C. Ketone bodies

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D. Nonesterified fatty acids

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E. Triacylglycerol

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A blood sample is taken from a 25-year-old man after he has eaten three slices of toast and a boiled egg. Which one of the following will be at a higher concentration than if the blood sample had been taken after an overnight fast?

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A. Alanine

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B. Glucagon

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C. Glucose

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D. Ketone bodies

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E. Nonesterified fatty acids

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A blood sample is taken from a 40-year-old man has been fasting completely for a week, drinking only water. Which of the following will be at a higher concentration than after a normal overnight fast?

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A. Glucose

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B. Insulin

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C. Ketone bodies

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D. Nonesterified fatty acids

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E. Triacylglycerol

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Which one of following statements about the fed and fasting metabolic states is correct?

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A....

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