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Chapter 17. Implementation Science

Implementation science

A. seeks to understand the behavior of health care professionals and other stakeholders.

B. is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into health care policy and practice.

C. is an emerging field of growing importance to health care delivery.

D. is all of the above.

Issues most likely to interfere with implementation of effective health care interventions include

A. economic and behavioral issues.

B. spatiotemporal issues.

C. geopolitical issues.

D. mathematical probabilities.

Dissemination is:

A. a passive, informal approach to commu- nication.

B. a formal, planned process with the intent of spreading knowledge.

C. a mechanism of reviewing an evidence base.

D. the preparatory phase before diffusion of information.

Implementation outcomes generally would NOT include

A. use of an intervention by an individual practitioner.

B. integration of an intervention within established practice.

C. citation index of an article.

D. use of an innovation within a community setting.

An intervention or innovation is more likely to be adopted if

A. it is easy to use.

B. it is based on credible evidence.

C. it has a clear, unambiguous advantage for the individual and system.

D. it can be tried on a limited basis before widespread adoption.

Organizational characteristics of large organizations that predict successful implementation of interventions or innovations include all but

A. absorptive capacity for new knowledge.

B. strong leadership and strategic vision.

C. decentralized decision-making structures.

D. well-designed data systems.

The Interactive Systems Framework describes three systems. Which system is not part of the ISF?

A. Prevention Synthesis ...

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