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Chapter 12. Planning a Systematic Review

A systematic review is

A. a critical assessment and evaluation of all research studies that address a particular issue.

B. a review of the literature for a topic relevant to health and health care.

C. always a meta-analysis.

D. a fair and balanced way to review available evidence.

PICO stands for

A. patients, interventions, consultations, and outcomes.

B. populations, inventions, comparisons, and observation.

C. populations, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes.

D. patients, inventions, comorbidities, and outcomes.

Which of the following is not true about systematic reviews?

A. Researchers and other persons developing systematic reviews use an organized method of locating, assembling, and evaluating a body of literature on a particular topic using a set of specific criteria

B. A systematic review typically includes a description of the findings of a collection of research studies

C. A systematic review may tailor presentation of findings for specific target audiences, including the general public

D. Systematic reviews present findings using only quantitative methods

Which item is not an expected outcome for a systematic review plan?

A. A well-framed question or set of questions specifying the PICO

B. A statement of what types of studies are to be included in the review (e.g., clinical trials, observational studies)

C. A description of how stakeholders are to be involved in the review

D. A description (often a logic model or analytic framework) that describes the relationship of PICO elements to one another

An existing review would be most helpful if it addressed all but one of the following items:

A. provided appropriate and timely information.

B. offered feasible and reasonable approaches to answering the key question(s), solving a similar problem, or meeting specific needs.

C. used best practices to conduct the review and report its findings.

D. answered a slightly different but very similar key question.

Which of ...

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