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It is not easy to give exact and complete details of an operation in writing; but the reader should form an outline of it from the description.


“On Joints”

[Studies] perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.

—Francis Bacon

“Of Studies”

A little observation and much reasoning lead to error; many observations and a little reasoning to truth.

—Dr. Alexis Carrel

It is only by persistent intelligent study of disease upon a methodical plan of examination that a man gradually learns to correlate his daily lessons with the facts of his previous experience and that of his fellows, and so acquires clinical wisdom.

— Sir William Osler

Sources for Quotations:

Brecht quotation from: Bertolt Brecht. Poems, 1913–1956. London, Methuen London Ltd., 1979.

Eliot quotation from: T.S. Eliot. The Complete Poems and Plays, 1909–1950. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1971.

Frazer quotation from: Sir James George Frazer. The Golden Bough, A Study in Magic and Religion, abridged edition. New York, MacMillan Publishing Company, 1922.

Hippocrates quotation from: Jacques Jouanna (M.B. DeBevoise translator). Hippocrates. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Osler quotation from: Sir William Osler. Aequanimitas, with other Addresses to Medical Students, Nurses and Practictioners of Medicine. Philadelphia, P. Blakiston’s Son and Co., 1928.

Roethke quotations from: Theodore Roethke. On Poetry and Craft. Port Townsend, Washington Copper Canyon Press, 2001.

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