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Section I. Occupational Health

Occupational injuries and illnesses

a. are defined by workers' compensation law

b. require an occupational physician to provide medical care

c. are among the five leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and in most other countries

d. are declining in number as insurance settles claims

c. Occupational injuries and illnesses are among the five leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and in most other countries.

Occupational physicians

a. are primarily employed by public health agencies

b. play an important role in prevention, recognition, and treatment of injuries and illnesses

c. are prevented by law for acting as consultants to employers

d. should endeavor not to become involved in issues of environmental and occupational health

b. Occupational physicians play an important role in prevention, recognition, and treatment of injuries and illnesses.

Independent medical examiners

a. are required when a compensation case results in litigation

b. are hired by workers to resolve disputes

c. often provide the highest level of evaluation the worker will encounter

d. are in most jurisdictions hired by plaintiff's attorneys

c. The IME's evaluation is often the highest level of evaluation the worker will encounter.

Board-certified physicians

a. generally have more diverse practice activities and skills, with greater involvement in management, public health-oriented activities, and toxicology

b. make up the large majority of occupational physicians in private practice

c. more than replace the losses to retirement or retreats from the field

d. are unable to appear as expert witnesses in court cases

a. Board-certified physicians generally have more diverse practice activities and skills, with greater involvement in management, public health-oriented activities, and toxicology.

Occupational health and safety laws in developing countries

a. are highly developed and adequately funded

b. apply to all workers

c. cover only about 10% ...

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