The glossary is intended as an adjunct to the index for rapid reference. The emphasis is on medical and biologic words and phrases that have not been defined in the text or are used frequently. The specific names of microorganisms, antimicrobial agents, and infectious diseases are in the index and not repeated here. Where a word has multiple uses, the one relevant to this text is emphasized.
The prefixes and suffixes in each alphabetical section include word elements used in combined form. The meaning of many words can be derived from the prefixes and suffixes and therefore have not been included in the glossary.
A bacterial toxin with separate binding (B) and active (A) units.
Hyperplasia and thickening of prickle cell layer of skin.
Blind-ended cavities in bone draining into nasal cavity.
An energy-rich combination of acetic acid and coenzyme A.
Absence of hydrochloric acid in stomach.
Describes an organism that resists acid decolorization after straining.
Increased acidity of body fluids.
Resistant to effects of acid.
Immunity developed following exposure to infectious agents or by infusion of antibodies.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
A disease caused by HIV infection of key components of the immune system.
Major structural protein of the eukaryotic cell cytoskeleton.
Acute viral gastroenteritis
Condition characterized by vomiting and diarrhea.
Result of primary deficiency of production of adrenal hormones.
Malignant tumor derived from glandular epithelium.
Surface component of a microbe that binds to a cell receptor.
Fallopian tubes and ovaries.
An enzymatic reaction that attaches the ADP-ribose moiety from NAD to the target protein.
Important endocrine glands situated above the kidneys.
A hydroxame siderophore produced by many bacteria.
Absence of immunoglobulins in the blood.
A polysaccharide derived from algae used as a solidifying agent in culture media.
Highly purified agar.
Failure of white blood cell production in bone marrow.
Alternate forms of a gene at the same chromosomal locus.
An antigen that exists in alternate allelic forms.
Property of a protein that leads to a change in conformation and function associated with attachment of a smaller effector molecule.
An antibody-independent mechanism of complement activation.
Microscopic air sacs in lung.
A local inflammatory mass caused by an amebic infection.
A group of antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis by ribosomal binding.
Fluid in amniotic sac surrounding the fetus.
Microorganism that grows and survives only in the absence of oxygen.
Structurally or functionally similar substance or property.
Enhanced immunologic memory response on reexposure to antigen.
Immediate and severe antibody-mediated hypersensitivity reaction.
Absence of ability to respond to antigen.
A state of unresponsiveness to antigens.
Localized abnormal dilatation of blood vessel.
Absence of ...