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... TABLE 80-3 Warning Signs and Severe Dengue Warning Signs Severe Dengue Abdominal pain and tenderness Severe plasma leakage: shock and fluid accumulation with respiratory distress Persistent vomiting Severe bleeding Clinical fluid accumulation Severe...
Quick Reference Resources
Quick Reference Resources

... ESSENTIALS OF DIAGNOSIS Incubation period 7–10 days. Sudden onset of high fever, chills, severe myalgias and arthralgias, headache, and retroorbital pain. Severe dengue is defined by the presence of plasma leakage, hemorrhage, or organ involvement. Signs of hemorrhage...

... Dengue virus is responsible for 400 million infections and 100 million episodes of symptomatic dengue fever annually. In the United States, dengue is the second most common cause of fever (after malaria) in returning travelers. Dengue occurs throughout Latin America, the Caribbean, Southeast...

... The World Health Organization reports a 30-fold increase in incidence of dengue in the past 30 years, becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the tropics. 12 Suspect dengue fever among travelers with fever developing within 2 weeks of travel. Dengue may be contracted more than...

... Severity of the dengue disease is seen more in children. The treatment is supportive and there is no vaccine available for protection. Avoiding mosquito bites is the best preventive measure. Protection after recovery is serotype specific. People who recover from infection of a serotype...

... FIGURE 120-5 Effects of temperature on variables associated with dengue transmission. Shown are the number of days required for development of immature Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to adults, the length of the dengue virus type 2 extrinsic incubation period (EIP), the percentage...

... The four dengue viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes well adapted to tropical and subtropical urban environments worldwide. The most common febrile illness in travelers returning from the Caribbean presents with fever, headache, back pain, and severe myalgias (break-bone fever). Dengue...

... Current estimates suggest up to 100 million infections with dengue occur worldwide each year, and the dengue viruses (and subsequent dengue hemorrhagic fever [DHF]) are now arguably the most important arthropod-borne viruses from a medical and public health perspective. 53 Both epidemic...

... Figure 12-1. Global distribution of cases of Dengue, before and after 1960. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/dengue/impact/en/index.html . ( Reproduced, with permission, from WHO. Global Alert and Response. Impact of Dengue. ) Figure 12-2. Average annual number of dengue fever/dengue...

... Vector control is the current mainstay of dengue control, but traditional spray and neighborhood cleanup programs have been supplemented by experimental programs (e.g., releasing genetically altered male mosquitoes that father wingless females). A new insecticide/larvicide, pyriproxyfen, sprayed...