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Acid-Base Disturbances and Electrolyte Abnormalities

AUTHOR:
Joanna Odenthal
LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
  1. Identify acidosis and alkalosis and interpret laboratory values to determine if the primary disturbance is metabolic or respiratory. 
  2. List the common causes of metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis.
  3. Calculate the Anion Gap and list causes of anion gap vs. non-anion gap metabolic acidosis.
  4. Use equations such as Winter’s Formula to determine if a disturbance is appropriately compensated for or if a second acid-base disturbance exists. 
  5. Describe the causes, clinical manifestations and management of electrolyte disturbances, particularly of potassium, sodium, magnesium and phosphate. 
  6. Understand the relationship of sodium levels to fluid status and causes of hypernatremia and hyponatremia.
Chapter
AccessMedicine > CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Nephrology & Hypertension, 2e > Disorders of Phosphorus Balance: Hyperphosphatemia and Hypophosphatemia
Chapter
AccessMedicine > CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Nephrology & Hypertension, 2e > Disorders of Magnesium Balance: Hypomagnesemia and Hypermagnesemia
Chapter
AccessMedicine > Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20e > Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances
Chapter
AccessMedicine > Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20e > Acidosis and Alkalosis
Chapter
AccessMedicine > Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20e > Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances and Acid-Base Disturbances: Case Examples
Case File
AccessMedicine > Acid-Base Disturbances > Case 4 > Clinical Scenario 04
Case File
AccessMedicine > Acid-Base Disturbances > Case 5 > Clinical Scenario 05
Case File
AccessMedicine > Acid-Base Disturbances > Case 6 > Clinical Scenario 06
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