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Contributors

Editors

Edgar V. Lerma, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Section of Nephrology
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine/Associates in Nephrology, SC
Chicago, Illinois

Jeffrey S. Berns, MD
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Renal-Electrolyte and Hypertension Division
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Allen R. Nissenson, MD
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Los Angeles, California
Chief Medical Officer
DaVita Inc.
El Segundo, California

Contributors

Sharon G. Adler, MD
Professor and Chief, Division of Nephrolog and Hypertension, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California
Thrombotic Microangiopathies

Priya Anantharaman, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Robert Byrd Health Sciences Center - West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Pregnancy & Renal Disease

Gerald B. Appel, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology Division, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York
Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy & Henoch–Schönlein Purpura

Stephen R. Ash, MD
Director of Research, As Access Technology, Inc., Lafayette, Indiana
Interventional Nephrology: Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Procedures

Phyllis August, MD, MPH
Professor of Researc in Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York
Hypertension in High-Risk Populations: Hypertension in Pregnancy

George L. Bakris, MD
Professor of Medicine Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Primary (Essential) Hypertension

James E. Balow, MD
Professor of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland
Lupus Nephritis

William M. Bennett, MD
Professor of Medicine (retired), Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland, Oregon
Acute Renal Failure from Therapeutic Agents

Tomas Berl, MD
Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
Disorders of Water Balance: Hyponatremia & Hypernatremia

Steve Brunelli, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Contrast-Induced Nephropathy

Daniel C. Cattran, MD, FRCP(C)
Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
Membranous Nephropathy

Fredric L. Coe, MD
Professor of Medicine, Nephrology Section, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Nephrolithiasis

Arthur H. Cohen, MD
Professor of Pathology and Professor of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
Plasma Cell Dyscrasias

Cynthia J. Denu-Ciocca, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Vasculitides

Robert J. Desnick, PhD, MD
Professor and Chairman, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Fabry Disease

Nada B Dimkovic, MD
Professor, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Aging & Renal Disease

William J Elliott, MD, PhD
Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology, Rush Medical College of Rush University at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Secondary Hypertension: General Approaches, Coarctation of the Aorta, Sleep Apnea Hypertensive Emergencies & Urgencies

David H. Ellison, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
Disorders of Extracellular Volume: Hypovolemia & Hypervolemia

Michael Emmett, MD
Clinical Professor o Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas
Disorders of Potassium Balance: Hypokalemia & Hyperkalemia

Donald A. Feinfeld, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Beth Israel Medical Center - Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York
Poisonings & Intoxications

Fernand C. Fervenza, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Membranous Nephropathy

Sia Finlay, MD
Consultant in Acute Medicine, Acute Medicine, Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary, Lockerbie, Scotland
Goodpasture's Syndrome/Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease

Eli A. Friedman, MD
Distinguished Teaching Professor, Department of Medicine - Renal Division, State University of New York (SUNY)-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York
Diabetic Nephropathy

John H. Galla, MD
Professor Emeritus of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Acid–Base Disorders: Metabolic Alkalosis

Debbie S. Gipson, MD, MS
Associate Professor, UNC Kidney Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

Richard J. Glassock, MD
Emeritus Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Plasma Cell Dyscrasias

Stanley Goldfarb, MD
Professor of Medicine, Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Disorders of Calcium Balance: Hypercalcemia & Hypocalcemia

Celso E. Gomez-Sanchez, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi
Secondary Hypertension: Endocrine Hypertension

William G. Goodman, MD
Renal Osteodystrophy

Peter D. Hart, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Primary (Essential) Hypertension

Brenda B. Hoffman, MD
Associate Professor o Clinical Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Peritoneal Dialysis

Jean L. Holley, MD
Clinical Professor o Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois
Pregnancy & Renal Disease

Clancy Howard, MD
Disorders of Water Balance: Hyponatremia & Hypernatremia

Keith A. Hruska, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Cell Biology and Physiology, Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
Disorders of Phosphate Balance: Hypophosphatemia & Hyperphosphatemia

Priy Kalahasti, MD
Clinical Associate, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
Secondary Hypertension: Renovascular Hypertension

Kamya Kalantar-Zadeh, MD, PhD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Epidemiology, UCLA Schools of Medicine & Public Health, Torrance, California
Chronic Renal Failure & the Uremic Syndrome: Nutritional Issues

Elaine S. Kamil, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Minimal Change Disease

Clifford E. Kashtan, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Familial Hematurias: Alport Syndrome & Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy

James P. Knochel, MD
Clinical Professor, Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas
Rhabdomyolysis

Sidney Kobrin, MD
Professor, Renal Division Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Disorders of Magnesium Balance: Hypomagnesemia & Hypermagnesemia

Laura Kooienga, MD
Renal Fellow, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado
Nephrotic Syndrome versus Nephritic Syndrome

Joel D. Kopple, MD
Professor of Medicine and Public Health, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Torrance, California
Chronic Renal Failure & the Uremic Syndrome: Nutritional Issues

Jeffrey A. Kraut, MD
Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Acid–Base Disorders: Metabolic Acidosis

Sampath Kumar, MD
Clinical Instructor, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Urinary Tract Infection

Ira Kurtz, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Acid–Base Disorders: Metabolic Acidosis

Kar Neng Lai, MBBS, MD
Chair of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Glomerular Disorders due to Infections: Hepatitis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Sey M. Lau, MD
Special Fellow in Nephrology, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
Secondary Hypertension: Renovascular Hypertension

Edgar V. Lerma, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine/Associates in Nephrology, S.C., Chicago, Illinois
Approach to the Patient with Renal Disease
Acute Tubulointerstitial Nephritis
Chronic Tubulointerstitial Nephritis
Urinary Tract Infection

Jeremy S. Leventhal, MD
Fellow in Nephrology, Division of Nephrology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Glomerular Disorders due to Infections: HIV-Associated Nephropathy

Adeera Levin, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Medicine University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Cardiovascular Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease

Gregg Y. Lipschik, MD
Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Acid–Base Disorders: Respiratory Acid–Base Disorders

Frank Liu, MD
Assistant Professor o Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

Jeanne P. Macrae, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate College of Medicine, Brooklyn, New York
Acid–Base Disorders: Respiratory Acid–Base Disorders

David Martins, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Charles Drew University, Los Angeles, California
Hypertension in High-Risk Populations: Hypertension in African-Americans

Ravindra Mehta, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

Sergio Mezzano, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Universidad Austral Valdivia, Valdivia, Chile
Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis

Beckie Michael, DO
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine/Nephrology, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Obstructive Uropathy

Bruce Molitoris, MD
Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana
Acute Kidney Injury

Shahriar Moossavi MD, PhD
Assistant Professor Internal Medicine/Nephrology, Division of Nephrology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Hemodialysis

Patrick H Nachman, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina Kidney Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Vasculitides

Joseph V. Nally, MD
Professor o Medicine, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute at the Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Secondary Hypertension, Renovascular Hypertension

Cynthi C. Nast, MD
Professor of Pathology, Department of Pathology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California
Thrombotic Microangiopathies

Hiep T. Nguyen, MD
Assistant Professor Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Reflux Nephropathy

Keith C. Norris, MD
Professor of Medicine, Charles Drew University, Los Angeles, California
Hypertension in High-Risk Populations: Hypertension in African-Americans

Gregorio T. Obrador, MD, MPH
Dean, Universida Panamericana School of Medicine, Mexico City, Mexico
Chronic Renal Failure & the Uremic Syndrome

Ali J. Olyaei, PharmD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland, Oregon
Acute Renal Failure from Therapeutic Agents

Dimitrios G Oreopoulos, MD
Professor of Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Aging & Renal Disease

Mark A. Perazella, MD
Associate Professor o Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
NSAIDs & the Kidney: Acute Renal Failure

Phuong-Chi T. Pham, MD
Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Renal Transplantation

Phuong-Thu T. Pham, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Renal Transplantation

Tiina Podymow, MD
Associate Professor Nephrology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
Hypertension in High-Risk Populations: Hypertension in Pregnancy

Robert Provenzano, MD
Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
Anemia & Chronic Kidney Disease

Qi Qian, MD
Assistant Professor, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

Andrew J. Rees, MD
Marie Curie Professor, Institute of Clinical Pathology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Goodpasture's Syndrome/Anti-Glomerular Basement

Michae V. Rocco, MD, MSCE
Vardaman M. Buckalew Jr. Professor, Department of Medicine, Section on Nephrology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Hemodialysis

Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, MD
Professor o Medicine, Hospital Universitario, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela
Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis

Michael J. Ross, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Glomerular Disorders due to Infections: HIV-Associated Nephropathy

Michael R. Rudnick, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Contrast-Induced Nephropathy

Luis M. Ruilope, MD
Professor of Medicine Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Refractory Hypertension

Theodore F. Saad, MD
Professor Nephrology, Christiana Care Health Systems, Newark, Delaware
Interventional Nephrology: Endovascular Procedures

Jon I. Scheinman, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas
Sickle Cell Nephropathy

Rebecca J. Schmidt, DO
Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Nephrology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
Pregnancy & Renal Disease

Martin J. Schreiber Jr., MD
Chairman, Nephrology and Hypertension, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute at the Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Julian Segura, MD
Refractory Hypertension

Kamaljit Singh, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Urinary Tract Infection

Brian Stephany, MD
Associate Staff, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Maarten W. Taal MBChB, MD
Special Lecturer, University of Nottingham Medical School at Derby, Derby, England
Slowing the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease

Emil A. Tanagho, MD
Chairman, Emeritus and Professor, Department of Urology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California
Reflux Nephropathy

Sydney C.W. Tang, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Glomerular Disorders due to Infections: Hepatitis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Isaac Teitelbaum, MD
Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado Aurora, Colorado
Nephrotic Syndrome versus Nephritic Syndrome

Vicente E. Torres, MD, PhD
Professor o Medicine, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

Howard Trachtman, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New York
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis

Ronald Villareal, MD
Nephrology Fellow, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Urinary Tract Infection

Meryl Waldman MD
Nephrologist, Kidney Disease Section, National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), Bethesda, Maryland
Disorders of Magnesium Balance: Hypomagnesemia & Hypermagnesemia
Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy & Henoch–Schönlein Purpura

Michael R. Wiederkehr, MD, FRCP
Professor, Department of Nephrology, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas
Disorders of Potassium Balance: Hypokalemia & Hyperkalemia

Alan H. Wilkinson, MD
Professor o Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Renal Transplantation

James F. Winchester, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York
Poisonings & Intoxications

Florence Wong, MD, FRACP, FRCP(C)
Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
Hepatorenal Syndrome

Elain M. Worcester, MD
Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Nephrolithiasis

Yalemzewd Woredekal, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine - Renal Division, State University of New York (SUNY)-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York
Diabetic Nephropathy

Julie Yabu, MD
Assistant Clinica Professor, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California
Renal Transplantation

Muhamma Sohail Yaqub, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana
Acute Kidney Injury

Nadia Zalunardo, MD, FRCP(C)
Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Nephrology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Cardiovascular Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease

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