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Contributors

Editor-in-Chief

Judith E. Tintinalli, MD, MS
Professor and Chair Emeritus
Department of Emergency Medicine
Adjunct Professor
Department of Health Policy and Administration
Lecturer, Medical Journalism
School of Journalism and Mass Communications
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Co-Editors

J. Stephan Stapczynski, MD
Chair
Emergency Medicine Department
Immediate Past Chief of Medical Staff
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

David M. Cline, MD
Professor and Director of Departmental Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

O. John Ma, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Rita K. Cydulka, MD, MS
Professor and Vice Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Garth D. Meckler, MD, MSHS
Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Assistant Section Chief and Fellowship Director
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Contributors

Stephanie Abbuhl, MD [e299.2]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Vice Chair of the Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Srikar Adhikari, MD, MS [236]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Dewesh Agrawal, MD [116]
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, DC

Mohammed Al Mogbil, MD [137]
Consultant
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Majid A. Al-Salamah, FRCPC(Em) [204]
Head Division, Department of Emergency Medicine
King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Eric Anderson, MD, MBA, FACEP [68, 69]
Associate Director of Operations, Emergency Department
MetroHealth/Cleveland Clinic Emergency Medicine Residency Program
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Phillip Andrus, MD, FACEP [166]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

Donald H. Arnold, MD, MPH [114, 120]
Associate Professor
Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Vanderbilt Children's Hospital
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Nashville, Tennessee

Ridvan Atilla, MD [82]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Dokuz Eylul University
Izmir, Turkey

Jennifer Avegno, MD [7]
Assistant Professor
Section of Emergency Medicine
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana

John Bailitz, MD [256]
Assistant Professor
Rush University Medical School
Chicago, Illinois

Janna E. Baker Rogers, MD, MS [11]
Emergency Physicians of Pittsburgh
Jefferson Regional Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Chenicheri Balakrishnan, MD [210]
Associate Professor
Division of Plastic Surgery
Wayne State School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

Jeffrey D. Band, MD [153]
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine
Rochester, Michigan
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

Joseph A. Barbera, MD [10]
Associate Professor of Engineering Management
Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
The George Washington University
Washington, DC

Christina Hantsch Bardsley, MD, FACEP, FACMT [103]
Associate Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Stritch School of Medicine
Loyola University Chicago
Maywood, Illinois

Bonny J. Baron, MD [255, 257, 260]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
State University of New York
Downstate Medical Center
Trauma Director
Emergency Department
Kings County Hospital Center
Brooklyn, New York

Craig G. Bates, MD, MS [73]
Senior Clinical Instructor
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Brigitte M. Baumann, MD, MSCE [294]
Associate Professor and Head
Division of Clinical Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Cooper University Hospital
Camden, New Jersey

Ronald W. Beaudreau, DMD, MD [240]
Shanghai United Family Hospitals and Clinics
Attending Emergency Physician
Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Annette L. Beautrais, MA, PhD [283]
Associate Professor
Department of Psychological Medicine
University of Otago
Christchurch, New Zealand

Amy J. Behrman, MD [107]
Division of Occupational Medicine
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Carol D. Berkowitz, MD [112, 290]
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California

Edward Bernstein, MD [289]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Professor of Community Health Sciences
Boston University School of Public Health
Boston, Massachusetts

Judith Bernstein, RNC, PhD [289]
Professor of Community Health Sciences
Boston University School of Public Health
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Howard A. Bessen, MD [203]
Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Torrance, California

Tareg Bey, MD, FACEP [239]
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of California Irvine
UCI Medical Center
Orange, California

Michelle H. Biros, MD, MS [285]
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Hennepin County Medical Center
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Paul Blackburn, DO [235]
Senior Attending Emergency Physician
Emergency Department
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Andy Boggust, MD [2]
Instructor in Emergency Medicine
College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

Mark Bogner, MD [94]
Associate Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Madison, Wisconsin

Gary Bonfante, DO, FACOEP, FAAEM [134]
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Benjamin Bonnes, MD [5]
Resident Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
John Hopkins School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Keenan M. Bora, MD [172]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

Susan Bork, MD [75]
Associate Residency Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak, Michigan

Bill Bosley, PA-C [115]
Inova Mt. Vernon Hospital
Operating Room
Alexandria, Virginia

Sharon A. Boswell, CRNP [260]
Trauma/Critical Care Nurse Practitioner
R A Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Baltimore, Maryland

Kristine L. Bott, MD [e108.1]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska

Nicole C. Bouchard, MD, FRCPC [194]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Assistant Site-Director Director of Medical Toxicology
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

Stephen H. Boyce, MBChB, FRCS(A&E), FIMC, FCEM, MSc (Sports Medicine), Dip SEM, MFSEM (UK) [e298.1]
Consultant in Emergency Medicine
Wishaw General Hospital, Scotland
Associate Lecturer, Department of Sport and Exercise Medicine
Glasgow University
Glasgow, Scotland

Jennifer S. Boyle, MD, PharmD [187]
Toxicology Fellow
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Virginia Health System

William J. Brady, MD [243–245]
Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

G. Richard Braen, MD [199]
Professor
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Assistant Dean, Graduate Medical Education
University of Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

Terrill Bravender, MD, MPH [286]
Associate Professor
Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Columbus, Ohio

Anne F. Brayer, MD [214]
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

Jason H. Bredenkamp, MD, FACEP [267]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Illinois College of Medicine-Rockford
Rockford, Illinois

Daniel E. Brooks, MD [187]
Co-Medical Director, Banner Poison Control Center
Department of Medical Toxicology
Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Eric J. Brown, MD [37]
Chief Resident Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Julie Brown, MDCM, MPH [143A]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Washington and Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle, Washington

Patrick H. Brunett, MD [250, 258]
Associate Professor and Residency Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Brian Burgess, PT, MD, FACEP, FAAEM [88]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Jefferson Medical College
Assistant Residency Director Emergency Medicine Residency Program
Christiana Care Health System
Assistant Professor Physician Assistant Program
Drexel University School of Nursing
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Craig N. Burkhart, MS, MD [247]
Assistant Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

John H. Burton, MD [281]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Residency Program Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
Albany Medical Center
Albany, New York

Donald Byars, MD, RDMS [87]
Assistant Professor
Assistant Residency Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia

Julie Story Byerley, MD, MPH [126]
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

José G. Cabañas, MD [26]
Adjunct Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Deputy Medical Director, Wake County EMS
Research Scientist Emergency Services Institute, Clinical Research Unit
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Derya Caglar, MD [117]
Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle, Washington

Charles B. Cairns, MD [26]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Peter Cameron, MBBS, MD, FACEM, FIFEM [250]
Professor Emergency and Trauma Centre
The Alfred Hospital
Melbourne, Australia

Trinitia Y. Cannon, MD [241]
Fellow, Clinical Instructor
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Roberta Capp, MD [263]
Harvard Emergency Medicine Resident
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Donna L. Carden, MD, FACEP [151]
Professor and Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

David Carr, MD [64]
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University Health Network
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Wallace A. Carter, MD [44, 185, 194, 200]
Director, Emergency Medicine Residency
New York Presbyterian
Associate Professor, Emergency Medicine in Medicine
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University
New York, New York

Christina L. Catlett, MD [11, 165]
Associate Director for Health System Preparedness
Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response (CEPAR)
Assistant Professor
Johns Hopkins Department of Emergency Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Alan L. Causey, MD [209]
Attending Physician
All Children's Hospital
St. Petersburg, Florida
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of South Florida College of Medicine
Tampa, Florida

Arif Alper Cevik, MD [214, 258]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Center
Eskisehir, Turkey

Arjun Chanmugam, MD, MBA [190]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Michael E. Chansky, MD [220]
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine
UMDNJ/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Camden, New Jersey

Esther Choo, MD [e299.3]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Anil Chopra, MD, FRCPC, DABEM [64]
Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Stephen John Cico, MD, FAAEM, FAAP [227]
Assistant Professor
Associate Fellowship Director
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Washington and Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle, Washington

Richard F. Clark, MD [205]
Professor of Medicine
University of California at San Diego
San Diego, California

Ilene Claudius, MD [112, 135]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine
LAC+USC
Los Angeles, California

Elizabeth A. Clements, PharmD [23, 24]
Department of Pharmacy
Spectrum Health
Grand Rapids, Michigan

David M. Cline, MD [42, 61, 68, 157]
Professor and Director of Departmental Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Wendy C. Coates, MD [46]
Professor of Medicine
Dean of the Acute Care College
UCLA-Geffen School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California
Director, Medical Education
Harbor-UCLA Emergency Medicine
Torrance, California

Daniel J. Cobaugh, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT [175]
Vice President
ASHP Research and Education Foundation
Bethesda, Maryland

Joanna S. Cohen, MD [116]
Assistant Professor
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, DC

Clinton J. Coil, MD, MPH [233]
Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California

Marc F. Collin, MD [14]
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Medical Director, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Alasdair K. T. Conn, MD, FACS, FACEP [261]
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Joseph E. Copeland, MD [121]
Clinical Instructor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of British Columbia
BC Children's Hospital
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Francis L. Counselman, MD, FACEP [92]
Distinguished Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Emergency Physicians of Tidewater
Norfolk, Virginia

Peter J. Cuenca, MD [262]
Assistant Professor
Baylor University
U.S. Army-Baylor University Physician Assistant
Postgraduate Doctoral Program in Emergency Medicine
Assistant Professor
Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences (USUHS)
Emergency Medicine Residency Faculty
Houston, Texas

Rita K. Cydulka, MD, MS [72, 73, 101]
Professor and Vice Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Frank F. S. Daly, MBBS, FACEM [206]
Consultant Clinical Toxicologist
Staff Specialist Emergency Medicine
Royal Perth Hospital, Western Australia
Consultant Clinical Toxicologist
Western Australian Poisons Information Centre
Consultant Clinical Toxicologist
New South Wales Poisons Information Centre

Daniel F. Danzl, MD [30]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Richard C. Dart, MD, PhD [206]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Director, Rocky Mountain Poison Center
Denver, Colorado

Elizabeth M. Datner, MD [16]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Moira Davenport, MD [47, 265]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Allegheny General Hospital
Drexel University College of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Nicole M. DeIorio, MD [253]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

E. Paul DeKoning, MD, MS [84]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Medicine
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Dartmouth Medical School
Lebanon, New Hampshire

George Delgado, Jr., PharmD [e170.1]
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Director, Infectious Diseases Specialty Residency
Wayne State University
Coordinator, Emergency Pharmacy Services
Clinical Specialist, Emergency Medicine/Infectious Diseases
Detroit Receiving Hospital, Department of Pharmacy Services
Detroit, Michigan

David Della-Giustina, MD [276, 277]
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Department of Military and Emergency Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Robert F. DeMayo, MD [e299.3]
Staff Radiologist
Department of Diagnostic Imaging
Roger Williams Medical Center
Providence, Rhode Island

Christopher J. Denny, MD, MSc [159]
Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Department of Medicine
The University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Shoma Desai, MD [44]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
LAC+USC Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

Deborah B. Diercks, MD, MSc [53]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California
Davis Medical Center
Sacramento, California

Douglas Dillon, MD [40]
Associate Professor Emergency Medicine
University of Utah
Park City, Utah

Jeffrey Ditkoff, MD [75]
Clinical Assistant
Emergency Medicine
Oakland University
William Beaumont Hospital School of Medicine
Royal Oak, Michigan

Quynh H. Doan, MDCM, MHSc [111]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Division of Pediatric Emergency
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Gail D'Onofrio, MD, MS [289]
Chair and Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

Suzanne Doyon, MD [180]
Medical Director
Maryland Poison Center
University of Maryland School of Pharmacy
Baltimore, Maryland

James Ducharme, MD, CM, FRCP [38]
Clinical Professor
Department of Medicine
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Pamela L. Dyne, MD [102]
Professor of Clinical Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Department of Emergency Medicine
Olive View-UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

Michelle Echevarria, MD [104]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Jennifer Holt Edwards, MD [252]
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Charles L. Emerman, MD [68]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Emergency Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Jennifer L. Englund, MD [188]
Medical Toxicology Fellow
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
Carolinas Medical Center and Carolinas Poison Center
Charlotte, North Carolina

Robert Escarza, MD [266]
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Illinois College of Medicine
Rockford, Illinois

Martin L. Fackler, MD, FACS [e263.1]
Department of Pathology
University of Florida College of Medicine
Gainesville, Florida

Brenna M. Farmer, MD [201]
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Attending Physician
Division of Emergency Medicine
Weill-Cornell College of Medicine/New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

William G. Fernandez, MD, MPH [289]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Elizabeth S. Fink, MSSA, MA [e293.1]
Caring Connections
Chardon, Ohio

Raymond M. Fish, PhD, MD, FACEP [212, 213, 295]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Adjunct Professor
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
University of Illinois
Urbana, Illinois

Mark W. Fourre, MD [280]
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Vermont School of Medicine
Burlington, Vermont

David R. Fowler, MB, ChB, M.Med, Path (forens), FACP, FAAFS [e263.2]
Assistant Professor Department of Pediatrics and Pathology
University of Maryland Baltimore
Chief Medical Examiner
State of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland

Stephen B. Freedman, MDCM, MSc [123]
Assistant Professor of Paediatrics
Divisions of Paediatric Emergency Medicine and Gastroenterology,
Hepatology and Nutrition
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Adam D. Friedlander, MD [13]
Chief Resident, Combined Residency in Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

William J. Frohna, MD [276]
Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
Washington Hospital Center
Washington, DC

Katherine Fullerton, MD [115]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
INOVA/Fairfax Hospital
Washington, DC

Theodore J. Gaeta, DO, MPH [27]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine in Clinical Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical College
Department of Emergency Medicine
New York Methodist Hospital
Brooklyn, New York

Sarah Andrus Gaines, MD [167, 273, 274]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Kulleni Gebreyes, MD, MBA [83]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Department
Georgetown University Hospital/Washington Hospital Center
Washington, DC

Carl A. Germann, MD, FACEP [280]
Assistant Professor
Tufts University College of Medicine
Maine Medical Center
Portland, Maine

Michael A. Gibbs, MD [40]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Chief of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maine Medical Center
Portland, Maine

Jeffrey N. Glaspy, MD [271]
Clinical Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Aurora West Allis Medical Center
Pewaukee, Wisconsin

Jonathan Glauser, MD [293]
Associate Professor of Medicine
Lerner College of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Faculty, Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Steven Go, MD [161]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine
Kansas City, Missouri

Brian Goldman, MD, FACEP, FCFP [164]
Staff Emergency Physician
Mount Sinai Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Ran D. Goldman, MD [110]
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of British Columbia Director
PRETx Program
Division Head, Emergency Medicine
Senior Associate Clinician Scientist
Child & Family Research Institute (CFRI)
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Phillip V. Gordon, MD, PhD [4]
Associate Professor
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Nikhil Goyal, MD [218]
Residency Director
Combined Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine Program
Henry Ford Hospital
Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

Charles S. Graffeo, MD, ABEM-UHM [222]
Professor and Assistant Residency Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia

Autumn Graham, MD [85]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Georgetown/Washington Hospital Center
Washington, DC

Matthew C. Gratton, MD [81, 262]
Associate Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri at Kansas City School of Medicine
Truman Medical Center
Kansas City, Missouri

Gary B. Green, MD, MPH, MBA [52]
Associate Professor
Vice-Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

Chip Gresham, MD [176, 186, 198]
Banner Poison and Drug Information Center
Department of Medical Toxicology
Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Joseph D. Gunn III, MD [119]
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

Jason B. Hack, MD [170]
Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology
UEMF
Director, Educational Program in Medical Toxicology
Associate Professor, Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine
Warren Alpert Medical School
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Peter Hackett, MD [216]
Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
Institute for Altitude Medicine
Telluride, Colorado

Jeffrey L. Hackman, MD [160]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Medicine
Truman Medical Center
Kansas City, Missouri

Paul R. Haller, MD [272, 275]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Regions Hospital
St. Paul, Minnesota

Pinchas Halpern, MD [8]
Assistant Professor Emergency Medicine
Tel Aviv University Faculty of Medicine
Chair, Emergency Department
Tel Aviv Medical Center
Tel Aviv, Israel

Mary Hancock, MD, FACEP [292]
Attending Physician, Emergency Department
Medical Director, Forensic Nursing Program
MedCentral Health System
Mansfield, Ohio

Daniel A. Handel, MD, MPH [167, 273, 274]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Bophal Sarha Hang, MD [75]
William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak, Michigan

Daniel G. Hankins, MD, FACEP [2]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Co-Medical Director, Mayo Clinic Medical Transport
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

Karen N. Hansen, MD, FACEP [182]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Fred Harchelroad, MD, FACMT [211]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Drexel University College of Medicine
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Jenny Hargrove, MD [216]
Emergency Medicine Physician and Research Associate
Emergency Department and Institute for Altitude Medicine
Telluride Medical Center
Telluride, Colorado

Benjamin Harrison, MD [277]
Program Director
Emergency Medicine Residency
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington
Assistant Professor
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

Juhani Hassi, MD, PhD [202]
Professor Emeritus
Department of Public Health Sciences and General Practice
University of Oulu
Oulu, Finland

William E. Hauda II, MD, FACEP, FAAP [15, 140, 251]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Northern Virginia Division
Inova Campus
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Fairfax, Virginia

Corey Heitz, MD [238]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Boonshoft School of Medicine
Wright State University
Dayton, Ohio

Robin R. Hemphill, MD, MPH [266, 227]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Robert G. Hendrickson, MD [6]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Associate Medical Director and Clinical Toxicologist, Oregon Poison Center
Emergency Preparedness Liaison
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Stephanie Hernandez, MD [192]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Division of Toxicology
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

Sheryl L. Heron, MD, MPH [291]
Associate Professor
Assistant Dean for Medical Education and Student Affairs
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Mark R. Hess, MD [249]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Suzanne P. Hess, MD [249]
Clinical Associate
Department of Dermatology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston Salem, North Carolina

Eric A. Higginbotham [32]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas

Peter M. Hill, MD, MS [52]
Assistant Professor
Clinical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
John Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

Jon Mark Hirshon [13]
Associate Professor
Director of Research, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Annapolis, Maryland

Jorma Hirvonen, MD, PhD [202]
Professor Emeritus
Department of Public Health and General Practice
University of Oulu
Oulu, Finland

Cherri Hobgood, MD, FACEP [297]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Robert S. Hoffman, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FRCP Edin [170]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
NYU School of Medicine
New York, New York

Judd E. Hollander, MD, FACEP [43, 45, 51, 53]
Professor, Clinical Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Jeremy J. Hollerman, MD [e263.1]
Radiologist, Park Nicollet Clinic
St. Louis Park, Minnesota
Assistant Professor of Radiology
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Maija Holsti, MD, MPH [129]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Edmond A. Hooker, MD, DrPH [89]
Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Courtney Hopkins-Mann, MD [133, 143C]
Medical Director, Children's Emergency Department
Wake Medical Center
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

B. Zane Horowitz, MD, FACMT [6, 9]
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Mark A. Hostetler, MD, MPH, FACEP, FAAP [215]
Associate Professor
Chief, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Medical Director, Pediatric Emergency Department
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Debra Houry, MD, MPH [291]
Associate Professor and Vice Chair for Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Director, Center for Injury Control
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia

David S. Howes, MD [94]
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
Chief and Residency Program Director
Section of Emergency Medicine
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Edbert B. Hsu, MD, MPH [21]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

David T. Huang, MD, MPH [34]
Assistant Professor
Critical Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

J. Stephen Huff, MD [e158.1, 162, 163]
Associate Professor, Emergency Medicine and Neurology
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Roger L. Humphries, MD [71]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
Lexington, Kentucky

Geoffrey R. Hung, MD, FRCPC, FAAP [132]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
BC Children's Hospital
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Oliver L. Hung, MD [184]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Morristown Memorial Hospital
Morristown, New Jersey

Fredric M. Hustey, MD [293]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Services Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Lerner College of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio
Alzamani Mohammad Idrose, MBBS, MMed(Emergency), MITM, EMDM [223–225]
Consultant
Emergency Department
Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Tiina M. Ikäheimo, PhD [202]
Adjunct Professor
Institute of Health Sciences
University of Oulu
Oulu, Finland

Jonathan S. Ilgen, MD, MCR [e299.1]
Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

Geoffrey K. Isbister, BSc, MBBS, FACEM, MD [207]
Associate Professor
Clinical Toxicologist and Emergency Physician
Calvary Mater Newcastle
Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology
University of Newcastle
Australia

Kenneth Jackimczyk, MD [288]
Vice Chair Department of Emergency Medicine
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona
Medical Director
Eagle Air Medical
Blanding, Utah

Andy Jagoda, MD [166]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

Mohammad Jalili, MD [219]
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine Department
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran, Iran

David M. Janicke, MD, PhD [101]
Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine
Buffalo, New York

Gary A. Johnson, MD [62, 63]
Chair and Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York

Melissa D. Johnson, MD [160]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Brian P. Jokhy, MD [267]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Rockford Memorial Hospital
Rockford, Illinois

Elaine B. Josephson, MD [98]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine in Clinical Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical College
Program Director
Emergency Medicine Residency
Department of Emergency Medicine
Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center
Bronx, New York

Prashant Joshi, MD [199]
Clinical Associate Professor Pediatrics
State University of New York-University at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

Jonathan Jui, MD, MPH [146]
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
EMS Medical Director, Multnomah County
Portland, Oregon

Juhani Junila, MD [202]
Department of Public Health and General Practice
University of Oulu
Oulu, Finland

Colin G. Kaide, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, UHM [e18.1]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Rahi Kapur, MD [e293.1]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Laurence M. Katz, MD, FACEP [18]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Gabor D. Kelen, MD, FRCP(C), FACEP, FAAEM [19, 21]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

Scott Kelley, MD [e275.1]
Clinical Professor
Department of Orthopaedics
Duke University Health System
Durham, North Carolina

Elizabeth W. Kelly, MD [147]
Clinical Instructor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Christine L. Kempton, MD, MSc [230]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics and Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia

Osama Kentab, MD, FAAP, FACEP [118, 137]
Assistant Professor Emergency Medicine - KSAU
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics - KSU
Consultant Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
King Abdulaziz Medical City
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

William P. Kerns II, MD [188]
Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
Department of Emergency Medicine
Carolinas Medical Center and Carolinas Poison Center
Charlotte, North Carolina

Sorabh Khandelwal [e18.1]
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Assistant Dean for Clinical Sciences
College of Medicine
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Anupam B. Kharbanda, MD, MS [124]
Assistant Professor
Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
University of Minnesota
Amplatz Children's Hospital
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Mark A. Kirk, MD [187]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Niranjan Kissoon, MD [111]
Associate Head, Department of Pediatrics
Professor, Pediatric and Surgery (EM)
BC Children's Hospital
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Patricia Chu Klap, MD [232]
Emergency Physician
First Choice Emergency Room
Houston, Texas

Jeffrey A. Kline, MD [60]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina

Nicholas E. Kman, MD [76]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

Todd A. Kociancic, PharmD [e235.1]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice Midwestern University
College of Pharmacy - Glendale
Glendale, Arizona

Christine E. Koerner, MD [128]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Chief Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Transitional
Year Program Director
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

Maybelle Kou, MD [140]
Program Director
The Michael F. Altieri Fellowship in Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Inova Fairfax Hospital Campus
Falls Church, Virginia

Richard S. Krause, MD [101]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

Paul Krivickas, MD [77]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Advocate Condell Medical Center
Arlington Heights, Illinois

Gloria J. Kuhn, DO, PhD [106]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

Richard Kwun, MD [117]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Swedish Medical Center
Issaquah, Washington

Jay G. Ladde, MD [169]
Assistant Program Director
Emergency Medicine
Orlando Regional Medical Center
Orlando, Florida
Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Florida School of Medicine
Gainesville, Florida

Anne Marie T. Lagoc, MD [136]
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children
Falls Church, Virginia

Richard L. Lammers, MD [49]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Michigan State University
Kalamazoo, Michigan

Melissa L. Langhan, MD [120]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Section of Emergency Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

Gregory Luke Larkin, MD, MS, MSPH, FACEP [283]
Professor and Chief
Section of International Emergency Medicine and Global Health
Department of Emergency Medicine
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

James L. Larson, MD [255]
Associate Professor
Medical Director, Department of Emergency
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Christopher J. Lawlor, MD [136]
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatric Oncology
George Washington University Medical School
Washington, DC

Benjamin W. Leacock, MD [32]
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Chen-Hsen Lee, MD [95]
Professor
Department of Surgery
Taipei Veterans General Hospital
Institute of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
National Yang-Ming University
Taipei, Taiwan

William M. Lennarz, MD [39]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Director, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Legacy Health System and Emanuel Children's Hospital
Portland, Oregon

Michael Levine, MD [174, 178]
Attending Physician
Department of Medical Toxicology
Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Swee Han Lim, MD [35, 36]
Clinical Associate Professor
Senior Consultant, Department of Emergency Medicine
Singapore General Hospital
Republic of Singapore

Deborah R. Liu, MD [127]
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Emergency Medicine and Transport
Childrens Hospital Los Angeles
Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

Bruce M. Lo, MD, RDMS [79, 92]
Assistant Professor of Department of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia

Maurice F. Loeffel III, MD [266]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Rockford Memorial Hospital
Rockford, Illinois

Heather Long, MD [197]
Director, Medical Toxicology
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Albany Medical Center
Albany, New York

Keith E. Loring, MD, MPH, FACEP [168]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
San Francisco General Hospital University of California
San Francisco, California

Frank LoVecchio, DO, MPH [174, 176, 191, 198]
Research Director
Maricopa and Banner Good Samaritan Medical Centers
Phoenix, Arizona

Cary L. Lubkin, MD [220]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine
UMDNJ/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Camden, New Jersey

Michael Lucchesi, MD [237]
Chief Medical Officer
University Hospital of Brooklyn, SUNY Downstate
Brooklyn, New York

Thomas W. Lukens, MD, PhD [100]
Operations Director, Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Associate Professor
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Derrick Lung, MD, MPH [165]
Clinical Instructor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California
Fellow in Medical Toxicology
California Poison Control System, San Francisco Division
San Francisco, California

O. John Ma, MD [160, 252, 260, e299.4]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Sharon E. Mace, MD, FACEP, FAAP [69, 141]
Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western
Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Alberto J. Machado, MD [61]
Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
Hospital Alemán
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Charles G. Macias, MD, MPH [130]
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Section of Emergency Medicine
Chief of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Academic Programs
Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Research Program
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Anthony G. Macintyre, MD [10]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
George Washington University
Washington, DC

Emily MacNeill, MD [125]
Clinical Faculty
Associate Fellowship Director, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina

David Magilner, MD, MSPH [147]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston Salem, North Carolina

Simon A. Mahler, MD, FAAEM [58, 154]
Assistant Professor
Associate Residency Program Director
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana

Gerald Maloney, DO [217]
Senior Instructor, Emergency Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

James E. Manning, MD [26]
Associate Professor and Vice-Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

William Manson, MD, RDMS, RDCS [230]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

David E. Manthey, MD [96, 97]
Professor and Vice Chair of Education
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Milford H. Marchant, Jr., MD [e275.1]
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Catherine A. Marco, MD, FACEP [17, 149, 150]
Professor
Department Emergency Medicine
University of Toledo College of Medicine
Toledo, Ohio

Marc L. Martel, MD [285]
Program Director, Emergency Medicine Co-Program Director, Emergency Medicine / Internal Medicine Hennepin County
Medical Center Associate Professor
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Malek G. Massad, MD, FACS [295]
Professor and Chief
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Dana Mathew, MD [296]
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina
Durham, North Carolina

Thom Mayer, MD, FACEP, FAAP [115, 136]
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
Washington, DC
Senior Lecturing Fellow
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina
Founder and Chairman of the Board
BestPractices, Inc.
Fairfax, Virginia
Medical Director
NFL Players Association
Washington, DC

Moira McCarty, MD [98]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Lincoln Medical Center
New York, New York

Patrick L. McGauly, MD [154]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Medical Director
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana

COL John McManus, MD, MCR [262]
Adjunct Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Kevin J. McSherry, MD, FAAP [255]
Assistant Professor
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Morristown Memorial Hospital
Morristown, New Jersey

C. Crawford Mechem, MD, MS, FACEP [1]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Garth D. Meckler, MD, MSHS [110, 122A, 122B, 143D]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Assistant Section Chief and Fellowship Director
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

William Joel Meggs, MD, PhD, FACEP, FACMT [195]
Professor and Chief, Division of Toxicology
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Stephen W. Meldon, MD [252]
Attending Physician
Emergency Medicine Physicians (EMP)
Canton, Ohio

Frantz Melio, MD, FACEP [282]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Peter Mellis, MD [e109.1]
Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Richmond, Virginia

Moss H. Mendelson, MD [80]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia

Jeffrey S. Menkes, MD [264]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
St. Francis Hospital and Medical Center
Hartford, Connecticut
Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Farmington, Connecticut

Lisa H. Merck, MD, MPH [254]
Assistant Professor
Clinician Researcher
Division of Emergency Neurosciences
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

John T. Meredith, MD, FACEP [155]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brody School of Medicine East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Chadwick D. Miller, MD, MS [55]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Brad A. Miller, PharmD [23, 24]
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Emergency Medicine
Spectrum Health
Grand Rapids, Michigan

Michael G. Millin, MD, MPH, FACEP [5]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Truman J. Milling [32]
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch
Director of Clinical Research
Dell's Children's Medical Center of Central Texas
University Medical Center at Brackenridge
Austin, Texas

Kirk C. Mills, MD [171–173]
Emergency Physician
Medical Toxicologist
Detroit Medical Center
Detroit, Michigan

Lisa D. Mills, MD, FAAEM [7]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
UC Davis School of Medicine
Davis, California
Associate Professor
Section of Emergency Medicine
Louisiana State University at New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana

James R. Miner, MD [41]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Minnesota Medical School
Research Director Department of Emergency Medicine
Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Alicia B. Minns, MD [189]
Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Division of Medical Toxicology
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California

Joel Moll, MD, FACEP [151]
Assistant Professor
Director of Academic and Clinical Integration
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Gregory P. Moore, MD, JD [288]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Gemma C. Morabito, MD [279]
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Sant'Andrea Hospital
Rome, Italy

Gregory J. Moran, MD, FACEP [148]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Infectious Diseases
Olive View-UCLA Medical Center
Sylmar, California

Donna Moro-Sutherland, MD [133, 138, 143C]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Dean S. Morrell, MD [246–248]
Associate Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Laurie J. Morrison, MD [99]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Sean W. Mulvaney, MD [e298.2]
Assistant Professor
Department of Military and Emergency Medicine
Uniformed Services University
Bethesda, Maryland

Alison Murphy, MD [32]
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow
WakeMed Hospital
Raleigh, North Carolina

Alan L. Nager, MD, FAAP, MHA [142]
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California
Head, Division of Emergency and Transport Medicine
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Kelly Nelson, MD [248]
Dermatology Resident
Chief Resident Program
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Jessie G. Nelson, MD [229]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Minnesota/Regions Hospital
St. Paul, Minnesota

Lewis S. Nelson, MD [184, 192, 197, 201]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

Tom S. Neuman, MD, FACP, FACPM [208]
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California

Bryan Ngo, MD [203]
Clinical Instructor
Chief Resident, Department of Emergency Medicine
Harbor UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California

H. Bryant Nguyen, MD, MS [25, 34]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine and Department of Medicine
Critical Care Loma Linda University
Loma Linda, California

Linda Meredith Nicholas, MD, MS [287]
Professor
Department of Psychiatry
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Mark A. Nichter, MD* [209]
Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
University of South Florida School of Medicine
Director, Pediatric Critical Care Services
Chief of Staff, All Children's Hospital
Florida Pediatric Services, LLC
St. Petersburg, Florida

Bret A. Nicks, MD, MHA [96, 97]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

David D. Nicolaou, MD, MS, FACEP [19]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine and Department of Pediatrics and Human Development
Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Michigan State University
Traverse City, Michigan

James T. Niemann, MD [59]
Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California

Flavia Nobay, MD [144]
Vice Chair for Education and Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

Jeffrey G. Norvell, MD [269]
Assistant Professor
Associate Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas

Mary Claire O'Brien, MD [74]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Damilola Ogunnaike-Joseph, MD [133, 143C]
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow
University of North Carolina
Wake Emergency Physicians
Holly Springs, North Carolina

Kelly P. O'Keefe, MD, FACEP [278]
Associate Clinical Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Cem Oktay, MD [82]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Akdeniz University School of Medicine
Antalya, Turkey

Susan R. O'Mara, MD [83]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Washington, DC

James C. O'Neill, MD [e295.1]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Marcus Eng Hock Ong, MD, MPH [36]
Associate Professor
Consultant, Senior Medical Scientist and Director of Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Singapore General Hospital
Republic of Singapore

Ricardo C. Ong, MD, LTC [e298.2]
US Army Command Surgeon
Special Operations Command
Africa

Joseph P. Ornato, MD, FACP, FACC, FACEP [12]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

Daniel Osincup [143A]
Clinical Research Associate
Emergency Department
Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle, Washington

Ronny Otero, MD [25]
Division Head, Emergency Medicine
Sterling Heights, Henry Ford Health System
Volunteer Faculty
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Wayne State University College of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

David T. Overton, MD [78]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Michigan State University
Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies
Kalamazoo, Michigan

Mihir R. Patel, MD [242]
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
University of North Carolina Hospitals
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Peter R. Peacock, Jr., MD [91]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
SUNY - Downstate
Brooklyn, New York

W. Frank Peacock, MD, FACEP [54, 57]
Professor Emergency Services Institute
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Debra Perina, MD [221]
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Andrew D. Perron, MD, FACEP, FACSM [e158.1, 243–245]
Professor and Residency Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maine Medical Center
Portland, Maine

Jeanmarie Perrone, MD, FACMT [181]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shawna J. Perry, MD, FACEP [145]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Richmond, Virginia

Vu D. Phan, MD [70]
Staff Physician
Emergency Department
Aultman Hospital
Canton, Ohio

Joseph S. Piktel, MD [22]
Senior Instructor
Department of Emergency
MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Michael R. Pinsky, MD, CM [34]
Professor of Critical Care Medicine, Bioengineering and Cardiovascular Disease
Department of Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Laura M. Pittman, MD [268]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Seton Medical Center
Williamson County
Dell Children's Medical Center
Austin, Texas

Rick Place, MD [136]
Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
George Washington University
Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Inova Fairfax Hospital
Falls Church, Virginia

Timothy F. Platts-Mills, MD [48, 296]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Charles V. Pollack, Jr., MA, MD [234]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
Pennsylvania Hospital
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Janet Poponick, MD [70]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Robert D. Powers, MD, MPH [50]
Professor
Departments of Medicine and Emergency Medicine
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia

Timothy G. Price, MD [86]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Louis A. Prince, MD [62]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York

Susan B. Promes, MD, FACEP [16, 144]
Professor and Vice Chair for Education
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Jane Prosser, MD [181]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Toxicology
Division of Emergency Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical Center
New York, New York

Katherine M. Prybys, DO, ACMT [182]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland Medical School
Baltimore, Maryland

Asia N. Quan, PharmD, BCPS [e235.1]
Clinical Pharmacotherapist - Adult Critical Care
Pharmacy Department
Maricopa Integrated Healthcare System
Phoenix, Arizona
Adjunct Faculty and Clinical Instructor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Midwestern University College of Pharmacy
Glendale, Arizona

Dan Quan, DO [177]
Attending Physician and Medical Toxicologist
Department of Emergency Medicine
Division of Toxicology
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

James Quinn, MD, MS [56]
Associate Professor of Surgery/Emergency Medicine
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Nadeemuddin Qureshi, MD, FAAP, FCCM [118]
Consultant Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ralph H. Raasch, PharmD [158]
Associate Professor of Pharmacy
Eshelman School of Pharmacy
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Peter N. Ramsey, MD [274]
Resident
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Georgetown University
Washington, DC

Robert F. Reardon, MD [e299.4]
Ultrasound Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hennepin County Medical Center
Associate Professor
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Renée D. Reid, MF, FACEP [145]
Assistant Professor
Director of Quality Assurance
Director of Practice Plan and Business Development
Department of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University Health System
Richmond, Virginia

Joseph G. Rella, MD [185, 200]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
New Jersey Medical School
Newark, New Jersey

Emanuel P. Rivers, MD, MPH [25]
Senior Staff in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care
Clinical Professor
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Surgery
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

Walter C. Robey III, MD [195]
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Vito Rocco, MD [77]
Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine
Oakland University
William Beaumont School of Medicine
Royal Oak, Michigan

A. Michael Roman, MD, MBA [28]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency
University of Arkansas Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas

William Roper, MD [e299.2]
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hospital of University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Alex M. Rosenau, DO, CPE, FACEP, FACOEP [134]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Christopher Ross, MD, FRCPC, FACEP, FAAEM [259]
Associate Chair of Planning, Education and Research
Assistant Program Director Emergency Medicine
Assistant Program Director
Cook County (Stroger) Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Richard E. Rothman, MD, PhD, FACEP [149, 150]
Associate Professor and Director of Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

David Rottinghaus, MD [211]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Brian H. Rowe, MD, MSc [27]
Associate Dean (Clinical Research)
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry
Canada Research Chair in Emergency Airway Diseases
Professor and Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

John P. Rudzinski, MD [268]
Clinical Professor
Departments of Surgery and Medicine
University of Illinois College of Medicine, Rockford
Rockford, Illinois

Douglas A. Rund, MD [286]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Associate Dean
College of Medicine
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

William A. Rutala, PhD, MPH [152]
Professor of Medicine
Director, Hospital Epidemiology
Department of Infectious Diseases
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Alfredo Sabbaj, MD [e299.4]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Tracy G. Sanson, MD, FACEP [278]
Associate Clinical Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Sally A. Santen, MD, PhD [228, 233]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

John Sarko, MD [65]
Clinical Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Arizona-Phoenix School of Medicine
Phoenix, Arizona

Rasha Sawaya, MD [124]
Fellow
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Department
Columbia University
New York, New York

Thomas M. Scalea, MD, FACS [255]
Francis X. Kelly Professor of Trauma Surgery
Physician-in-Chief
R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Director, Program in Trauma
University of Maryland Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland

Robert W. Schafermeyer, MD [125]
Adjunct Professor of Emergency Medicine and Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
UNC School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Chief, Department of Emergency Medicine
Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina

Adam B. Schlichting, MD, MPH [218]
House Officer
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan

Sandra M. Schneider, MD [175, 214, 215]
Professor and Chair-Emeritus
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

Aaron Schneir, MD [205]
Associate Professor
Division of Medical Toxicology
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, San Diego Medical Center
San Diego, California

Michael J. Schull, MD, MSc, FRCPC [159]
Associate Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine (Department of Medicine)
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Brian Schultz, MD [130]
Clinical Instructor of Pediatrics
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Jillian L. Schwaab, MD [286]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Assistant Residency Program Director
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

Robert A. Schwab, MD [50]
Vice President and Chief Quality Officer
Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital
Dallas, Texas

Theresa M. Schwab, MD [259]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
University of Illinois at Chicago
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Lawrence R. Schwartz, MD, MEd [210]
Assistant Professor
Department of Academic and Student Programs
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

Emily J. Schwarz, MD, PhD [246]
Dermatology Resident
Department of Dermatology
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Jennifer A. Scott, MD [105]
Instructor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Fellow, Global Women's Health Division
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard University
Boston, Massachusetts

Rupali N. Shah, MD [241]
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
University of North Carolina Hospitals
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Michael D. Shapiro, DO [e299.1]
Assistant Professor
Departments of Medicine and Radiology
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Jamie Shaskos, PharmD [e170.1]
Clinical Pharmacist
Department of Pharmacy
Detroit Receiving Hospital
Detroit, Michigan

Suzanne Moore Shepherd, MD, FAAEM, DTM&H [107, 294]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

William H. Shoff, MD [107]
Associate Professor
Director of Travel Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Carol Shores, MD, PhD, FACS [241]
Associate Professor
Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Elizabeth Shumann, MD [287]
Resident Physician
Department of Psychiatry
University of North Carolina
Durham, North Carolina

Jonathan E. Siff, MD, MBA, FACEP [298]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Mark Silverberg, MD, FACEP [237]
Assistant Professor
Associate Residency Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Kings County Hospital
Brooklyn, New York

Michael A. Silverman, MD, FACEP [109]
Chairman
Department of Emergency Medicine
Harbor Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland
Instructor of Emergency Medicine
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Richard Sinert, DO [91, 93]
Associate Professor
Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Kings County Hospital Center/SUNY-Downstate Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York

Adam J. Singer, MD [43]
Professor and Vice Chairman for Research
Department of Emergency Medicine
Stony Brook University
Stony Brook, New York

Jonathan I. Singer, MD [131]
Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Associate Emergency Medicine Residency Program Director
Boonshoft School of Medicine
Wright State University
Detroit, Michigan

David E. Slattery, MD, FACEP, FAAEM [234]
Assistant Professor and Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Nevada School of Medicine
Las Vegas, Nevada

Todd L. Slesinger, MD, FACEP [20]
Director, Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary / Critical Care
North Shore University Hospital
Manhasset, New York
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

Edward P. Sloan, MD, MPH [167]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Illinois College of Medicine
Attending Physician, Emergency Services
University of Illinois, Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Jennifer Cohen Smith, MD [179, 191]
Department of Medical Toxicology
Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Michael D. Smith, MD, FACEP [31]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Brian K. Snyder, MD [208]
Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hyperbaric Medicine Center
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California

Dean G. Sotereanos, MD [265]
Professor, Orthopedic Surgery
Vice Chairman of Orthopedic Network Development
Drexel University College of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Mark Spektor, DO, MBA, FACEP [93]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
State University of New York-Downstate
Brooklyn, New York

Julie M. Spence, MD, FRCPC, MSc [99]
Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Toronto
Keenan Research Centre
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

David M. Spiro, MD, MPH [114, 120]
Associate Professor
Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

J. Stephan Stapczynski, MD [65]
Chair
Emergency Medicine Department
Immediate Past Chief of Medical Staff
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Mark T. Steele, MD [269–271]
Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri

Michael J. Steiner, MD [126]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Andrew Stolbach, MD [190]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Susan C. Stone, MD, MPH [44]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Los Angeles County Medical Center
Keck School of Medicine of University of South Carolina
Los Angeles, California

C. Keith Stone, MD, FACEP [3]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Texas A&M University, Health Science Center
College of Medicine
Scott & White Healthcare
Temple, Texas

Amy M. Stubbs, MD [270]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Truman Medical Center
Kansas City, Missouri

Shane M. Summers, MD [239]
Department of Emergency Medicine
San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium
Brooke Army Medical Center
Fort Sam Houston, Texas

Carolyn K. Synovitz, MD, MPH, FACEP [37]
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine
Oklahoma University School of Community Medicine
Tulsa, Oklahoma

John J. Szela, MD [153]
Clinical Assistant Professor
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan
Oakland University, William Beaumont School of Medicine
Rochester, Michigan

Sukhjit Takhar, MD [148]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine Faculty
Division of Infectious Disease
University of California San Francisco-Fresno
Fresno, California

Thomas A. Tallman, DO, FACEP [67]
Associate Professor
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Staff, Emergency Services Institute
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Bruno Tartaglino [279]
Medical Doctor
Director (Chief) of Emergency Department
Santa Croce and Carle Hospital
Cuneo, Italy

Josiah John Tayali, MPH [153]
Lecturer
University of Arusha
Arusha, Tanzania

Wee Siong Teo, MD [35]
Director, Electrophysiology and Pacing
Department of Cardiology
National Heart Centre, Singapore
Republic of Singapore

Stephen H. Thomas, MD, MPH [3]
George Kaiser Family Foundation Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine
Tulsa, Oklahoma

J. Jeremy Thomas, MD [243–245]
Assistant Professor
Associate Residency Program Director
Assistant Medical Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama

Jennifer Thull-Freedman, MD, MSc [123]
Assistant Professor
Department of Paediatrics
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Joel S. Tieder, MD, MPH [112]
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Division of Hospital Medicine
Seattle Children's Hospital
The University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Judith E. Tintinalli, MD, MS [165, 168]
Professor and Chair Emeritus
Department of Emergency Medicine
Adjunct Professor
Department of Health Policy and Administration
Lecturer, Medical Journalism
School of Journalism and Mass Communications
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Christian Tomaszewski, MD [189]
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California

Dennis T. Uehara MD, MS, FACEP [266–268]
Clinical Professor of Surgery
University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford
Rockford, Illinois

Michael J. VanRooyen, MD, MPH [105, 156]
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Adam Vella, MD [139]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Director
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

Anantharaman Venkataraman, MBBS, MRCP, FAMS [35, 36]
Senior Consultant
Department of Emergency Medicine
Singapore General Hospital
Republic of Singapore

Raghu Venugopal, MD, MPH, FRCPC [156]
Assistant Professor
Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Salvator J. Vicario, MD [86]
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Robert Vissers, MD [29, 30]
Adjunct Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon
Medical Director, Emergency Department
Associate CMO
Legacy Emanuel Hospital
Portland, Oregon

Robert P. Wahl, MD [106]
Assistant Professor (Clinician-Educator)
Department of Emergency Medicine
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

Richard A. Walker, MD [236]
Associate Professor and Clinical Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Vincent J. Wang, MD, MHA [113, 143B]
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California
Associate Division Head
Division of Emergency Medicine
Children's Hospital of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Thomas A. Waters, MD, FACEP [204]
Associate Staff and Assistant Director of Event Medicine
Emergency Service Institute
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Paul M. Wax, MD [193, 196]
Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern Medical School
Medical Director, Toxicology Clinic
Dallas, Texas

Matthew A. Waxman, MD [102]
Assistant Professor of Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Department of Emergency Medicine
Olive View-UCLA Medical Center
Sylmar, California

Jim Edward Weber, DO, FACEP [54]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Chief Research Officer
Hurley Medical Center
Flint, Michigan

David J. Weber, MD, MPH [152]
Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Epidemiology
Medical Director, Hospital Epidemiology
Department of Infectious Diseases
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Howard A. Werman, MD [76]
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Medical Director, MedFlight
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Eric Williams, MD [231]
Associate Lecturer, Consultant
Emergency Medicine Division
University Hospital of the West Indies
Mona Kingston, Jamaica

Jean Williams-Johnson, BSc, MB BS, MSc, DM [231]
Lecturer
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anesthesia and Intensive Care
The Emergency Medicine Division
Faculty of Medical Sciences
University of the West Indies
Mona, Jamaica

Michael D. Witting, MD, MS [80]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

David Alain Wohl, MD [152]
Associate Professor
Division of Infectious Diseases
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Stella C. Wong, DO [193]
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Clerkship Director, Medical Toxicology
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Georgia Poison Center
Atlanta, Georgia

Karen S. Wood, MD [4]
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Medical Director, Pediatric Transport, AirCare
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

William A. Woods, MD [221]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

Daniel J. Worman, MD [161]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

David W. Wright, MD, FACEP [254]
Associate Professor Director, Emergency Neurosciences
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Christopher R. Wyatt, MD [33]
Senior Instructor
Department of Emergency Medicine
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Samuel Yang, MD [149, 150]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

Lalena M. Yarris, MD, MCR [258]
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Linton L. Yee, MD [122A, 122B]
Associate Professor
Director, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Education
Department of Pediatrics
Division of Hospital and Emergency Medicine
Department of Surgery
Division of Emergency Medicine
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina

David Hung-Tsang Yen, MD, PhD [95]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Taipei Veterans General Hospital
Institute of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
National Yang-Ming University
Taipei, Taiwan

Luke Yip, MD [183]
Food and Drug Administration, CDER
Silver Spring, Maryland
Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center
Denver Health Medical Center
Denver, Colorado

Amy C. Young, MD [196]
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern
Dallas, Texas

Janet Simmons Young, MD [108]
Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

William F. Young, Jr., MD [66, 71]
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky

Richard D. Zane, MD, FAAEM [263]
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
Vice-Chair Department of Emergency Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Leslie S. Zun, MD [284]
Professor and Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
The Chicago Medical School
North Chicago, Illinois

*Deceased

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