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Emaad Abdel-Rahman, MD, PhD

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Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 55

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Blaise Abramovitz, DO

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Nephrology Fellow, Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 12

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Anjali Acharya, MBBS

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Associate Professor Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York

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Chapter 42

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Talal A. Alfaadhel, MBBS, FRCP(C)

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Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 

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Chapter 27

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Kisra Anis, MBBS

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Assistant Professor Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York

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Chapter 42

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William S. Asch, MD, PhD

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Yale University School of Medicine, Yale New Haven Hospital Transplantation Center, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 52

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Stephen R. Ash, MD, FACP

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HemoCleanse Technologies, LLC and Ash Access Technology, Inc., Lafayette, Indiana

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Chapter 56

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George L. Bakris, MD

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ASH Comprehensive Hypertension Center, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Illinois

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Chapter 40

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Seki A. Balogun, MBBS

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Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 55

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James E. Balow, MD

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Clinical Director, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

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Chapter 33

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William M. Bennett, MD

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Medical Director of Transplantation, and Director of Renal Research, at Legacy Health Systems in Portland, Oregon

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Chapter 14

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Ursula C. Brewster, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 54

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Daniel C. Cattran, MD, FRCP(C)

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Senior Scientist, Toronto General Research Institute; Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Chapter 27

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Elliot Charen, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension at Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York, New York

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Chapter 57

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Debbie L. Cohen, MD

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University of Pennsylvania, Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 41

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Neera K. Dahl, MD, PhD

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Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 39

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Robert J. Desnick, PhD, MD

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Dean for Genetic and Genomic Medicine; Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Genetic and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York

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Chapter 47

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Dominique Dorsainvil, MD

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Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Nephrology, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 38

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Thomas D. DuBose, Jr, MD, MACP, FASN

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Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine and University of Virginia School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

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Chapter 5

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James Dylewski, DO

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Department of Medicine, Division of Renal and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado

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Chapter 24

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William J. Elliott, MD, PhD

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Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology; Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences; Chief, Division of Pharmacology, Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences, Yakima, Washington

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Chapter 44

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Michael Emmett, MD, MACP

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Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, Baylor-Scott & White Healthcare; Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M School of Medicine and Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas

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Chapter 4

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Fernando C. Fervenza, MD, PhD

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Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapter 27

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Ashley Frazer-Abel, PhD

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Assistant Research Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado

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Chapter 35

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Samantha L. Gelfand, MD

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Instructor in Internal Medicine, Department in Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 54

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David Geller, MD, PhD

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Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; Section of Nephrology, West Haven VA Hospital, West Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 39

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Muriel Ghosn, MD

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University of Pennsylvania, Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 41

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Debbie S. Gipson, MD, MSPH

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Professor of Pediatrics, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan

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Chapter 26

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Edward R. Gould, MD

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Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee

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Chapter 23

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Nikolas B. Harbord, MD

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York

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Chapter 57

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Raymond C. Harris, MD

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Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and Nashville Veterans Affairs Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee

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Chapter 53

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Brenda B. Hoffman, MD

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Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 50

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Vicki J. Hwang, PhD

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, California

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Chapter 28

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Maria V. Irazabal, MD

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapter 45

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Anushya Jeyabalan, MD

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Fellow, Department of Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 12

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Kenar D. Jhaveri, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, North Shore University Hospital and Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Great Neck, New York

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Chapter 17

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Belinda Jim, MD

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Associate Professor Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York

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Chapter 42

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Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, MD, PhD, MPH

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine School of Medicine; and Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center; and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA; Orange, California

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Chapter 22

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Elaine S. Kamil, MD

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Pediatric Nephrology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center; Clinical Heath Sciences Professor of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

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Chapter 25

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Clifford E. Kashtan, MD, FASN

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota

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Chapter 46

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Sana F. Khan, MD

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University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 11

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Sidney Kobrin, MD

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Associate Professor, Renal Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 8

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Holly M. Koncicki, MD, MS

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Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Brookdale Department of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York

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Chapter 58

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Laura Kooienga, MD

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Renal Fellow, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado

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Chapter 24

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Joel D. Kopple, MD

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Department of Medicine; Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center; David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Torrance, California

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Chapter 22

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Kar Neng Lai, MD, DSc

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Emeritus Chair Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

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Chapter 36

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Edgar V. Lerma, MD, FACP, FASN, FPSN (Hon)

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Clinical Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine/Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, Illinois; Associates in Nephrology, Chicago, Illinois 

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Chapter 1

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Nelson Leung, MD

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapter 34

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Jeremy S. Leventhal, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York

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Chapter 36

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Julia Lewis, MD

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Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee

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Chapter 23

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Gregg Y. Lipschik, MD

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Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Medicine

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Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 5

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Joseph B. Lockridge, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine and Medical Director, Portland VA Medical Center, Transplantation Kidney, Portland, Oregon

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Chapter 14

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Randy L. Luciano, MD, PhD

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Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 38

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Jeanne P. Macrae, MD

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Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, SUNY Downstate College of Medicine, Brooklyn, New York

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Chapter 5

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Niti Madan, MD

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, California

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Chapter 28

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Hector M. Madariaga, MD

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Department of Medicine, Good Samaritan Medical Center, Brockton, Massachusetts

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Chapter 1

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David Martins, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Charles Drew University, Los Angeles, California

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Chapter 42

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Piyush Mathur, MBBS, DNB

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Senior Consultant Nephrologist, Department of Nephrology, Santokba Dulabhji Memorial Hospital, Jaipur, India

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Chapter 51

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Ravindra L. Mehta MD, FACP, FRCP

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Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California

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Chapter 51

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Beckie Michael, DO, FASN

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Marlton Nephrology and Hypertension Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Rowan School of Osteopathic Medicine, Marlton, New Jersey

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Chapter 16

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Sharon M. Moe, MD, FASN

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Stuart A. Kleit Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Nephrology, Indiana University School of Medicine; Section Chief Nephrology, Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana

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Chapter 21

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Dennis G. Moledina, MD

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Research Fellow in Nephrology, Yale School of Medicine, Program of Applied Translational Research, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 37

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Bruce A. Molitoris, MD

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Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine; Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana

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Chapter 9

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Shahriar Moossavi, MD, PhD

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Associate Professor of Internal Medicine/Nephrology, Division of Nephrology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

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Chapter 49

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Georges N. Nakhoul, MD

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Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine (CCLM) of Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), Cleveland, Ohio

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Chapter 20

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Joseph V. Nally, MD

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Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine (CCLM) of Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), Cleveland, Ohio

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Chapter 20

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Samih H. Nasr, MD

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Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapters 31, 34

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Saed Nemr, MD, FACP

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Yale University School of Medicine, Yale New Haven Hospital Transplantation Center, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 52

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Thomas D. Nolin, PharmD, PhD

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Associate Professor, Center for Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics, School of Pharmacy, Department of Medicine Renal-Electrolyte Division, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 59

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Keith C. Norris, MD, PhD

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Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

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Chapter 42

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Gregorio T. Obrador Vera, MD, MPH

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Dean and Professor of Medicine, Universidad Panamericana School of Medicine, Mexico City, Mexico; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

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Chapter 18

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Ali J. Olyaei, PharmD

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Professor of Medicine and Pharmacotherapy, Pharmacy Practice/ Nephrology and Hypertension, Oregon State University/Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland, Oregon

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Chapter 14

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Nishita Parikh, MD

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Instructor of Medicine, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine; Division of Nephrology, North Shore University Hospital and Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Great Neck, New York

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Chapter 17

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Mark A. Perazella, MD, FACP

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Professor of Medicine; Director, Acute Dialysis Services; Medical Director, Yale Physician Associate Program, Section of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 15

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Phuong-Mai T. Pham, MD

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Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Nephrology Division, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, North Hills, California

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Chapter 48

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Phuong-Thu T. Pham, MD, FASN

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Clinical Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Nephrology Division, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

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Chapter 48

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Robert Provenzano, MD, FACP, FASN

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Vice President Medical Affairs, Office of Chief Medical Officer, DaVita Healthcare Partners, Denver, Colorado

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Chapter 19

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Shaker S. Qaqish, MD

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Nephrology Fellow, Department of Medicine, Nephrology Division, UCLA-Olive View Medical Center, Sylmar, California

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Chapter 48

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Jai Radhakrishnan, MD, MS

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Professor of Medicine at Columbia University Medical Center; Clinical Chief, Nephrology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia Campus, New York, New York

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Chapter 32

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Mandana Rastegar, MD, EdM

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Section of Nephrology, Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare System and the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

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Chapter 13

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Andrew J. Rees, MB, FRCP, FRSB, FMedSci

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Professor Emeritus, Clinical Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

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Chapter 30

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Renu Regunathan-Shenk, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia

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Chapter 32

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Robert F. Reilly, MD

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Associate Chief of Staff for Education, Central Alabama Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Montgomery, Alabama

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Chapter 7

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Michael V. Rocco, MD, MSCE

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Vardaman M. Buckalew Jr. Professor of Internal Medicine, Section on Nephrology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

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Chapter 49

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Michael J. Ross, MD

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Chief, Division of Nephrology; Professor of Medicine; Professor of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York

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Chapter 36

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Michael R. Rudnick, MD, FACP, FASN

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 12

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Luis M. Ruilope, MD

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Director Cardiorenal Investigation, Institute of Investigation, Hospital 12 Octubre, Madrid

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Chapter 43

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Theodore F. Saad, MD

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Nephrology Associates, P.A., Newark, Delaware

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Chapter 56

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Samar M. Said, MD

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Assistant Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapter 31

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Alan Segal, MD

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Associate Professor and Program Director, Nephrology Fellowship, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, Vermont

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Chapter 2

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Julian Segura, MD, PhD

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Head of Hypertension Unit, Department of Nephrology, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain

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Chapter 43

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Anushree Shirali, MD

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Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

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Chapter 13

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Stuart M. Sprague, DO

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Chief, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, NorthShore University HealthSystem; Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Evanston, Illinois

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Chapter 6

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Hillel Sternlicht, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Lenox Hill Hospital-Northwell Health, New York, New York

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Chapter 42

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Richard H. Sterns, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Emeritus University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, New York

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Chapter 3

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Jonathan Suarez, MD

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University of Pennsylvania, Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 41

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Sydney C. W. Tang, MD, PhD

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Chair of Renal Medicine and Yu Professor in Nephrology , Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

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Chapter 36

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Isaac Teitelbaum, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado

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Chapter 24

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Joshua M. Thurman, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Aurora, Colorado

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Chapter 35

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Vicente E. Torres, MD, PhD

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

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Chapter 45

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Raymond R. Townsend, MD

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Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 41

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Howard Trachtman, MD

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Professor of Pediatrics, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York

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Chapters 26, 29

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Faruk H. Turgut, MD

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Department of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

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Chapter 55

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Rimda Wanchoo, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine; Division of Nephrology, North Shore University Hospital and Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Great Neck, New York

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Chapter 17

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Robert H. Weiss, MD

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, Davis, California; Medical Service, Sacramento VA Medical Center, Sacramento, California

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Chapter 28

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Michael R. Wiederkehr, MD

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Professor, Division of Nephrology, Baylor University Medical Center-Baylor Scott & White Healthcare, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas, Texas

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Chapter 4

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James F. Winchester, MD, FRCP (Glas)

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Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York

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Chapter 57

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Florence Wong, MD, FRACP, FRCP(C)

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Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Chapter 10

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Hala Yamout, MD

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Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, St. Louis University Medical Center, Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System, St. Louis, Missouri

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Chapter 40

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Muhammad Sohail Yaqub, MD

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Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

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Chapter 9

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Jane Y. Yeun, MD

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine and University of California, Davis, California; Medical Service, Sacramento VA Medical Center, Sacramento, California

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Chapter 28

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