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Chapter 22: The Female Reproductive System

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Which stage of ovarian follicle development is characterized by an initial period of follicular fluid accumulation?

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a. Graafian follicle

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b. Mature follicle

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c. Primordial follicle

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d. Oocyte

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e. Secondary follicle

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Which of the following is characteristic of granulosa lutein cells?

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a. Are a minor cell type in the corpus luteum

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b. Derive from the theca interna

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c. Contain abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum

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d. Are small and dark-staining

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e. Secrete progesterone

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Which of the following hormones is primarily responsible for inducing ovulation?

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a. Relaxin

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b. Luteinizing hormone

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c. Progesterone

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d. Follicle-stimulating hormone

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e. Estrogen

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Which feature is characteristic of the corpora albicans but not of atretic follicles?

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a. May contain degenerating granulosa cells floating in remnants of follicular fluid

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b. Resemble large collagenous scars

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c. Eventually removed by macrophages and replaced by stroma

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d. Are remnants of follicles that degenerate before maturation

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e. May contain degenerating oocytes

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Endometrial glands are typically most fully developed and filled with product during which day(s) or phase of a woman’s menstrual cycle?

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a. Menstrual phase

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b. Days 1-4

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c. The day ovulation occurs

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d. Proliferative phase

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e. Days 15-28

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Which feature is characteristic of the endometrium’s basal layer but not of its functional layer?

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a. Includes the uterine surface epithelium

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b. Includes connective tissue

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c. Contains cells that replace the surface epithelium after menstruation

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d. Relies solely on spiral arteries for its blood supply

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e. Undergoes cyclic thickening and shedding

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