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Chapter 6: Adipose Tissue

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White adipocytes are derived developmentally from what precursor cells?

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a. Monocytes

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b. Fibroblasts

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c. Mesenchymal cells

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d. Brown adipocytes

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e. Mast cells

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What are the relatively large particles formed in the intestinal epithelial cells and rich in ingested lipids?

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a. Fatty acids

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b. Chylomicrons

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c. Glycerols

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d. Very-low-density lipoproteins

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e. Adipocytes

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What substance, released from the adrenal gland and some autonomic neurons, increases lipolytic activity in white adipocytes?

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a. Leptin

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b. Insulin

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c. Norepinephrine

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d. Glycogen

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e. Triglyceride

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What is the most important form of lipid storage in both white and brown adipocytes?

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a. Free fatty acids

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b. Cholesterol

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c. Chylomicrons

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d. Glycerol

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e. Triglycerides

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Important target cells of leptin are found in which organ?

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a. Small intestine

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b. White adipose tissue

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c. Large intestine

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d. Hypothalamus

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e. Brown adipose tissue

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The hormone-sensitive lipase in the cells of adipose tissue acts primarily on what substrate?

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a. Glucose

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b. Free fatty acids

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c. Glycerol

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d. Triglycerides

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e. Very-low-density lipoproteins

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Applied to adipocytes, the term “multilocular” refers to which of the following?

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a. The large number of small cytoplasmic lipid droplets

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b. The proliferation of the cells in an obese individual

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c. The large number of mitochondria in the cells

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d. The high density of nerves ...

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