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Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2016, 55e Copyright © 2016 by McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher.

Previous editions copyright 2000 through 2015 by McGraw-Hill Education; copyright © 1987 through 1999 by Appleton & Lange; copyright 1962 through 1986 by Lange Medical Publications.

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ISBN 978-0-07-184509-0

MHID 0-07-184509-7

ISSN 0092-8682

This book was set by Cenveo® Publisher Services.

The editors were Jim Shanahan, Harriet Lebowitz, and Barbara Holton.

The production supervisor was Jeffrey Herzich.

Project management was provided by Yashmita Hota at Cenveo Publisher Services.

The copyeditor was Jennifer Bernstein.

Design modified from original by Alan Barnett; the cover designer was Thomas DePierro.

The index was prepared by Katherine Pitcoff.

Cover photos: Top, Zephyr/Science Source; Bottom, © Noel Hendrickson/Corbis

RR Donnelley was printer and binder.

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