Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most widely employed coronary revascularization procedure worldwide (Chap. 296e). It is now applied to patients with stable angina; patients with acute coronary syndromes, including unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI); and as a primary treatment strategy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). PCI is also applicable to patients with either single-vessel or multivessel disease.
In this chapter, the use of PCI will be illustrated in a variety of commonly encountered clinical and anatomic situations, such as chronic total occlusion of a coronary artery, bifurcation disease, acute STEMI, saphenous vein graft disease, left main coronary artery disease, multivessel disease, and stent thrombosis. In addition, the use of interventional techniques to treat structural heart disease will be shown, including closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).